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Keywords:

  • Foreign body infection;
  • Staphylococcus aureus;
  • Staphylococcus epidermidis;
  • Biofilm;
  • ica gene

Abstract

The contribution of in vivo biofilm-forming potential of Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis was studied in an experimental model of foreign body infections. Increasing inocula (from 102 to 107 organisms) of ica-positive strains of S. aureus and S. epidermidis and their ica-negative isogenic mutants (the ica locus codes for a major polysaccharide component of biofilm) were injected into subcutaneously implanted tissue cages in guinea pigs. Surprisingly, bacterial counts and time-course of tissue cage infection by ica-positive strains of S. aureus or S. epidermidis were equivalent to those of their respective ica-negative mutants, in the locally infected fluids and on tissue-cage-inserted plastic coverslips.