Chronobiology of the proliferative events related to angiogenesis in mice liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy


Corresponding author. Cátedra de Histología ‘A’, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, UNLP, Calle 60 y 120, (1900) La Plata, Argentina


In liver regeneration the formation of new capillary blood vessels is a fundamental requirement for cellular proliferation. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is involved in the events of angiogenesis, the mRNA of which is expressed in both hepatocytes and non-parenchymal cells. In this experimental design we try to establish if during liver regeneration in mouse, the expression of VEGF is produced before or after the hepatocytes proliferation. C3H/S adult male mice were divided in three groups in order to study: VEGF expression; S-phase index (SI); and mitotic activity (MA) of hepatocytes. The results that were analyzed by ANOVA, show that VEGF expression starts to increase 26 h after PH with a peak at 28 h. Furthermore, the DNA synthesis (DNAs) reaches maximal level 42 h after pH, meanwhile the MA of the hepatocytes shows an increase 8 h after the DNAs peak. In conclusion, it could be argued that the chronobiology of the events related to liver regeneration in mice started with a release of VEGF by the hepatocytes, followed by its DNAs and mitosis.