PUTTING RISK IN PERSPECTIVE: AN EVIDENCE-BASED APPROACH TO SELECTED RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH THE USE OF ORAL CONTRACEPTION

Authors

  • Patricia Aikins Murphy CNM, DrPH, FACNM

    Corresponding author
      148 Concord Drive, River Edge, NJ 07661.
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    • Patricia Aikins Murphy is an associate research scientist in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Columbia University in New York. She is engaged in research, education, and clinical practice, with a focus on women's health and contraception. In addition, Dr. Murphy has served as associate editor of the Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health for the past 2 decades.


148 Concord Drive, River Edge, NJ 07661.

ABSTRACT

Although use of oral contraceptives is an effective way to prevent unintended pregnancy, concerns exist about associated adverse health outcomes. The concept of risk and different approaches to describing risk are discussed, and studies of health risks associated with specific exposures are used to illustrate the differences between relative and absolute risk. Evidence about health risks associated with use of oral contraceptives is presented within the context of population-based risk estimates.

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