Violet H. Barkauskas is Associate Professor of Community Health Nursing in the School of Nursing of the University of Michigan. She has extensive experience in maternal and child health and public health nursing, including education, practice, and administrative positions in the United States and abroad. Among her academic credentials is a certificate in nurse-midwifery from Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health. Her current research interests are in the area of evaluation and health services research.
HEALTH OUTCOMES OF INCARCERATED PREGNANT WOMEN AND THEIR INFANTS IN A COMMUNITY-BASED PROGRAM
Article first published online: 24 DEC 2010
2002 American College of Nurse Midwives
Journal of Midwifery & Womens Health
Volume 47, Issue 5, pages 371–379, September-October 2002
How to Cite
Barkauskas, V. H., Low, L. K. and Pimlott, S. (2002), HEALTH OUTCOMES OF INCARCERATED PREGNANT WOMEN AND THEIR INFANTS IN A COMMUNITY-BASED PROGRAM. Journal of Midwifery & Womens Health, 47: 371–379. doi: 10.1016/S1526-9523(02)00279-9
- Issue published online: 24 DEC 2010
- Article first published online: 24 DEC 2010
An experimental, community-based, residential program, focused on health promotion, was established in 1990 for incarcerated pregnant women with short-term sentences and histories of drug abuse in a large, midwestern metropolitan area in the United States. Infants resided with mothers after birth. Prenatal care, delivery, postpartum, and family-planning services were initiated and provided by a nurse-midwifery service. Community-based health care, job training, and drug rehabilitation were provided for women during pregnancy through the fourth postpartum month. Program participants' prenatal, delivery, postpartum, and neonatal health outcomes are presented and compared with those of incarcerated women in the same state prison system who experienced usual correctional facility care and support. Program participants represented a group of obstetrically high-risk women. Health outcomes for both groups of incarcerated women and their infants were similar and more optimal than would have been expected given their preexisting health conditions and risk factors.