Breast Implants and Breast Cancer Screening


  • Stacy M Smalley CNM, MSN

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    • Stacy M. Smalley, CNM, MSN, received her bachelor's degree from the University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, and her master of science degree specializing in nurse-midwifery from Yale University, New Haven, CT. Miss Smalley enjoys working with new families as a certified nurse-midwife.

Address correspondence to Stacy M. Smalley, 2000 Holley Parkway, Apartment#2421, Roanoke, TX 76262.


Concern about breast prostheses impairing breast cancer detection has become a priority issue. This article provides a review of the literature on the influence of implants on early detection methods of breast cancer, specifically breast self-examination (BSE), clinical breast examination (CBE), and mammography. Background information on implants is presented, including indications for surgery, types of prostheses, location of placement, and associated complications. Conclusions from the literature suggest that the presence of implants may facilitate BSE and CBE, yet challenge interpretation of mammography. However, there is no evidence that these women will have a later stage diagnosis or a poorer prognosis if diagnosed with breast cancer.