Genealogic Origins of Nurse-Midwifery Education Programs in the United States

Authors

  • Helen Varney Burst CNM, MSN, DHL (Hon),

    Corresponding author
      Helen Varney Burst, CNM, MSN, DHL (Hon), FACNM, 124 Cape Circle, Addison, ME 04606.
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    • Helen Varney Burst, CNM, MSN, DHL (Hon), FACNM, is Professor of Nursing at Yale University School of Nursing, Nurse-Midwifery Specialty. She has served as a nurse-midwifery program director at the University of Mississippi, Medical University of South Carolina, and Yale University.

  • Joyce E. Thompson CNM, DrPH

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    • Joyce Beebe Thompson, CNM, DrPH, FAAN, FACNM, is the Lacey Professor of Community Health Nursing, Western Michigan University Bronson School of Nursing. She has served as a nurse-midwifery program director at Maternity Center Association/Downstate Medical Center, Columbia University, and the University of Pennsylvania.


Helen Varney Burst, CNM, MSN, DHL (Hon), FACNM, 124 Cape Circle, Addison, ME 04606.

Abstract

This article presents a genealogy of all known basic and refresher nurse-midwifery education programs enabling every CNM and CM to track their individual lineage back to Hattie Hemschemeyer or Mary Breckinridge. Feeling connected to our founding foremothers increases our understanding of who we are and what our commitment is to the families we serve. Genealogy also gives us an opportunity to reflect on the early history and continuing historical trends of our education programs.

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