In this article, a framework is provided for consideration of technologies that are frequently viewed as either a source of power or frustration. The two widely accepted paradigms of technological and social determinism are analyzed in relationship to women's health care. Those ascribing to the model of technological determinism believe that a technology, once created, takes on a life of its own. Those believing in social determinism view a technology as a neutral tool that can be used in any way that the user desires. Finally, a third model that addresses both of these propensities in conjunction with the technology and social factors underlying its use is presented and recommended for critical analysis of devices used when caring for women.