Intravenous human immunoglobulin therapy infrequently results in excessive inflammatory responses in vivo; these effects are not fully understood. We assessed whether sulfonated human immunoglobulin (SHIG) or polyethylene glycol-treated human immunoglobulin (PHIG) enhanced expression of inflammatory receptors on peripheral blood neutrophils in vitro, such as αMβ2 (CD11b/CD18) and Fc gamma receptor type III (FcγRIII). CD11b and CD16 expression on neutrophils was measured by fluorescence flow cytometry. Various cytokines were assessed using a highly sensitive fluorescence microsphere system. SHIG enhanced/induced CD11b expression and partial aggregations on neutrophils, but PHIG did not. No detection of aggregation IgG was observed in SHIG and PHIG. SHIG-induced CD11b expression was inhibited by treatment of corticosteroid (dexamethasone) and by anti-CD16 monoclonal antibody. Concentrations of various cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, RANTES, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and interferon (INF)-γ in culture supernatant were not significantly changed by SHIG or PHIG. SHIG and PHIG did not enhance CD16 on neutrophils. SHIG enhanced CD16-linked CD11b expression on neutrophils in vitro. CD11b induction was inhibited by dexamethasone and by anti-CD16 antibody. These in vitro results suggest that aggregations and enhancement of CD11b on neutrophils by SHIG may induce excessive inflammatory responses in vivo.