The initial phase of muscle differentiation depends on the activities of protein kinases including phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI-3K), the extracellular signal-regulated kinases ERK1/2 (p42 and p44), and p38 kinase. Myogenesis is also characterized by an apoptosis-resistant phenotype of myotubes. The effects of inhibitors of the above-mentioned protein kinases on myogenesis from C2C12 mouse myoblasts and on muscle cell apoptosis were examined individually over 5 successive days. The negative effects of PD98059 (5, 25, 50 μM), LY294002 (1, 5, 10 μM) and SB203580 (1, 5, 10 μM) on cell viability were evident at the initial stage of myogenesis (up to the 3rd day). On the 3rd day, nuclear expression of myogenin was suppressed dose-dependently by SB203580. In contrast, decreased cytoplasmic levels but elevated nuclear expressions of myogenin were observed in myotubes treated with PD98059 or LY294002. SB203580 treatment confirmed that p38 kinase is involved in the onset of myogenesis. The cytoplasmic and nuclear expression of NF-κB was elevated after treatment with the above-mentioned protein kinase inhibitors. Likewise, Bcl-2 expression in the cytosol increased. These studies might shed more light on the role of selected kinases and some survival systems in myogenesis impaired by neuromuscular disorders as well as safety of the treatment of the proliferative diseases with the kinase inhibitors.