Elevated expression of NF-κB and Bcl-2 proteins in C2C12 myocytes during myogenesis is affected by PD98059; LY294002 and SB203580

Authors

  • Paulina Kwiecińska,

    1. Department of Physiological Sciences; Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw Agricultural University, Nowoursynowska 159, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
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  • Bartłomiej Roszkiewicz,

    1. Department of Physiological Sciences; Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw Agricultural University, Nowoursynowska 159, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
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  • Małgorzata Łokociejewska,

    1. Department of Physiological Sciences; Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw Agricultural University, Nowoursynowska 159, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
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  • Arkadiusz Orzechowski

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Physiological Sciences; Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw Agricultural University, Nowoursynowska 159, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
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Corresponding author. Tel./fax: +48 022 847 24 52. orzechowski@alpha.sggw.waw.pl

Abstract

The initial phase of muscle differentiation depends on the activities of protein kinases including phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI-3K), the extracellular signal-regulated kinases ERK1/2 (p42 and p44), and p38 kinase. Myogenesis is also characterized by an apoptosis-resistant phenotype of myotubes. The effects of inhibitors of the above-mentioned protein kinases on myogenesis from C2C12 mouse myoblasts and on muscle cell apoptosis were examined individually over 5 successive days. The negative effects of PD98059 (5, 25, 50 μM), LY294002 (1, 5, 10 μM) and SB203580 (1, 5, 10 μM) on cell viability were evident at the initial stage of myogenesis (up to the 3rd day). On the 3rd day, nuclear expression of myogenin was suppressed dose-dependently by SB203580. In contrast, decreased cytoplasmic levels but elevated nuclear expressions of myogenin were observed in myotubes treated with PD98059 or LY294002. SB203580 treatment confirmed that p38 kinase is involved in the onset of myogenesis. The cytoplasmic and nuclear expression of NF-κB was elevated after treatment with the above-mentioned protein kinase inhibitors. Likewise, Bcl-2 expression in the cytosol increased. These studies might shed more light on the role of selected kinases and some survival systems in myogenesis impaired by neuromuscular disorders as well as safety of the treatment of the proliferative diseases with the kinase inhibitors.

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