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Keywords:

  • Tetramethylpyrazine;
  • PC12 cells;
  • Hydrogen peroxide;
  • Apoptosis;
  • Mitochondria

Abstract

In the present study, we investigated the effects of tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) on hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced apoptosis in PC12 cells. The apoptosis in H2O2-induced PC12 cells was accompanied by a decrease in Bcl-2/Bax protein ratio, release of cytochrome c to cytosol and the activation of caspase-3. TMP not only suppressed the down-regulation of Bcl-2, up-regulation of Bax and the release of mitochondrial cytochrome c to cytosol, but also attenuated caspase-3 activation and eventually protected against H2O2-induced apoptosis. These results indicated that TMP blocked H2O2-induced apoptosis by the regulation of Bcl-2 family members, suppression of cytochrome c release, and caspase cascade activation in PC12 cells.