CD44v6 is a splice variant of CD44 (CD44v), probably promoting cancer cell adherence to vascular endothelium and base membranes and enhancing the invasion and metastasis of colonic carcinomas. Heat shock protein 72 (HSP72) as a molecular chaperone has been confirmed to be overexpressed in epithelial carcinoma cells. There may be a possible association between the expression of HSP72 and CD44v6 during the growth and progression of colonic carcinoma cells. The aim of the study was to investigate the interaction between heat shock protein 72 and CD44v6 in human colonic carcinomas. The localization of HSP72 and CD44v6 in human colonic carcinomas was determined by immunohistochemistry and confocal laser microscopy. The interaction between HSP72 and CD44v6 in colonic carcinoma cells was analyzed by immunoprecipitation and Western immunoblots. Our results revealed that colonic carcinoma synchronously co-expressed higher levels of HSP72 and CD44v6 than that in adjacent normal colonic tissues. HSP72 and CD44v6 were mainly immunolocalized in the cytoplasm, and also immunolabelled on the cell membrane. Based on immunoprecipitation and Western immunoblots, we found that HSP72 was associated with CD44v6 precursor fragments in human colonic carcinoma cells. The interaction between HSP72 and CD44v6 in human colonic carcinoma cells may contribute to study the pathogenesis and immunotherapy of colonic carcinoma.