The adult bone marrow retains two populations of stem cells with emerging importance for the treatment of diverse liver diseases: hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). However, the mechanisms that control liver regeneration after bone marrow cell transplantation are still controversial. Liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy is a complex process that requires the proliferation of all hepatic cells. Growth factors, cytokines and extracellular matrix molecules are key elements in this process. Laminins are a family of extracellular matrix proteins with adhesive and chemotactic functions, expressed in the portal and centrolobular veins of the normal liver. The aim of this study was to investigate laminin expression during liver regeneration induced by partial hepatectomy followed by bone marrow mononuclear cell (BMMNC) transplantation. Rat BMMNCs were isolated by Ficoll-gradient centrifugation, stained with DAPI and injected into recently hepatectomyzed rats via the portal vein. Liver sections obtained 15 min, 1 day and 3 days after the surgery were immunolabeled with anti-rat CD34 and/or laminin primary antibodies and observed under a laser scanning confocal microscope. Results showed that 15 min after partial hepatectomy, a transplanted CD34+ HSC was found in contact with laminin, which was localized in the portal and centrolobular veins of rat livers. Furthermore, 1 and 3 days after hepatectomy, transplanted BMMNCs were found in the hepatic sinusoids expressing laminin. These results strongly suggest that laminin might be an important extracellular matrix component for bone marrow cell attachment and migration in the injured liver.