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Keywords:

  • Anoikis;
  • Osteosarcoma;
  • Bcl-2;
  • Caspase-8;
  • PI3K;
  • β-catenin

Abstract

Detachment of adherent cells from extracellular matrix results in apoptosis, a process termed “anoikis”. Resistance to anoikis is implicated in the progression of many malignancies by facilitating the migration and eventual colonization of distant sites. Human kidney epithelial cells 293T, human osteoblast cells hFOB 1.19 and human osteosarcoma cells Saos-2 significantly underwent anoikis when adherence was prevented. But human osteosarcoma MG-63 cells were distinctly anoikis resistant when detached. They formed large aggregates and showed little apoptosis compared to the other cells. When MG-63 cells were in suspension, caspase-8, physically associated with death receptor was activated by cell—matrix detachment, whereas. Caspase-3 and caspase-9 were not activated. Translational level of Bcl-2 significantly increased in a time-dependent manner, but the level of β-catenin and PI3K did not. Caspase-8 participates in an anoikis-inducing process in MG-63 cells at an early time, and overexpression of Bcl-2 blocks activation of caspase-8 making MG-63 cells anoikis resistant.