Physiological levels of insulin and IGF-1 synergistically enhance the differentiation of mesenteric adipocytes.
Article first published online: 2 JAN 2013
© The Author(s) Journal compilation © 2008 International Federation for Cell Biology
Cell Biology International
Volume 32, Issue 11, pages 1397–1404, November 2008
How to Cite
Sato, T., Nagafuku, M., Shimizu, K., Taira, T., Igarashi, Y. and Inokuchi, J.-i. (2008), Physiological levels of insulin and IGF-1 synergistically enhance the differentiation of mesenteric adipocytes. Cell Biology International, 32: 1397–1404. doi: 10.1016/j.cellbi.2008.08.010
- Issue published online: 2 JAN 2013
- Article first published online: 2 JAN 2013
- Received 23 August 2007; revised 8 July 2008; accepted 12 August 2008
- Mesenteric adipocytes;
- Insulin resistance
Visceral adipose tissue, particularly mesenteric adipose tissue, is important in the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome. Here, we present a physiologically relevant differentiation system of rat mesenteric-stromal vascular cells (mSVC) to mesenteric-visceral adipocytes (mVAC). We optimized the insulin concentration at levels comparable to those in vivo (∼0.85 ng/ml) by including physiological concentrations of IGF-1. We found that the insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) and insulin worked synergistically, since IGF-1 alone could induce CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPα) and adipocyte lipid binding protein (aP2) mRNA expression but not lipid droplet accumulation associated with maturation. Using real-time PCR analyses on 180 adipocyte-related genes, we identified a dramatic effect by IGF-1 plus insulin. We also demonstrated the state of insulin resistance at pathologically high insulin concentrations. This culture system will contribute to understanding the physiological differentiation process and the patho/physiology of mVAC.