Stimulation of mice dorsal root ganglion neurons (DRGNs) activity by human pancreatic cancer (PanCa) cell line Mia PaCa-2 and its potential molecule mechanism has been investaged. DRGNs were cultured alone or along with the MIA PaCa-2. The effects of MIA PaCa-2 to DRGNs were determined by neurofilament (NF) immunocytochemical and Nissl staining. ELISA was used to detect the concentration of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in the culture supernatant. Cyton size, neurite outgrowth and neuronal activity in the experimental group were greater than in the control groups. However, the concentration of IGF-1 in the supernatants was not significantly different from those in the blank and non-cultured medium groups. In the presence of MIA PaCa-2 cell line, cyton size, neurite outgrowth and neuronal activity were enhanced, which may provide more routes for the invasion of cancer cells along nerves.