• DNP;
  • ROS;
  • Calu-6;
  • ROS scavenger;
  • GSH;
  • Mitochondria


2,4-Dinitrophenol (DNP) is an uncoupler of oxidative phosphorylation in mitochondria. Here, we investigated the in vitro effect of DNP on apoptosis and the involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in As4.1 juxtaglomerular cell death. Dose- and time-dependent induction of apoptosis was evidenced by flow cytometric detection of sub-G1 DNA content and annexin V binding assay. The intracellular H2O2 and O2 levels were markedly increased in DNP-treated cells. However, the reduction of intracellular H2O2 level by Tiron and catalase did not prevent apoptosis induced by DNP. Moreover, DNP rapidly reduced intracellular GSH content in As4.1 cells. Taken together, apoptosis in DNP-treated As4.1 cells is correlated with the rapid change of intracellular GSH levels rather than ROS levels.