Circulating Stromelysin-1 (MMP-3): A novel predictor of LV dysfunction, remodelling and all-cause mortality after acute myocardial infarction
Changes to cardiac matrix are central to ventricular remodelling after acute MI and matrix metalloproteinase expression is implicated in this process. We investigated the temporal profile of MMP-3 and its relationship to LV dysfunction and prognosis following AMI.
We studied 382 patients with AMI. Plasma MMP-3 was measured at 0–12, 12–24 h and for subsequent 24 h periods during admission. LV function (LVEF) was assessed by echocardiography pre-discharge and at a median of 148 days and clinical endpoints at a median of 313 days.
MMP-3 peaked prior to discharge thus pre-discharge levels were used in analyses. MMP-3 was associated with patient age (p<0.001), creatinine (p<0.001) and was higher in males (p<0.001) and hypertensives (p<0.001). MMP-3 inversely correlated with LVEF at follow-up (p=0.043), was higher in subjects with LVEF <40% (p=0.017) and in subjects with increasing EDV (p=0.017) or ESV (p=0.007) compared to those in whom volumes fell between visits. In the 58 patients reaching the endpoint of death or heart failure, MMP-3 was higher (p<0.001). On Kaplan–Meier analysis, subjects with levels above optimum cut off identified via ROC curves were more likely to suffer a clinical event (p=0.037).
MMP-3 is associated with left ventricular dysfunction, adverse left ventricular remodelling and prognosis after AMI.