• [1]
    Kalliomaki, M., Salminen, S., Arvilommi, H., Kero, P., Koskinen, P., Isolauri, E. (2001) Probiotics in primary prevention of atopic disease: a randomized placebo-controlled trial. Lancet 357, 10761079.
  • [2]
    Kirjavainen, P.V., Arvola, T., Salminen, S.J., Isolauri, E. (2002) Aberrant composition of gut microbiota of allergic infants: a target of bifidobacterial therapy at weaning. Gut 51, 5155.
  • [3]
    Benno, Y., Sawada, K., Mitsuoka, T. (1984) The intestinal microflora of infants: composition of fecal flora in breast-fed and bottle-fed infants. Microbiol. Immunol. 28, 975986.
  • [4]
    Harmsen, H.J.M., Wildeboer-Veloo, A.C., Raangs, G.C., Wagendorp, A.A., Klijn, N., Bindels, J.G., Welling, G.W. (2000) Analysis of intestinal flora development in breast-fed and formura-fed infants by using molecular identification and detection methods. J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr. 30, 6167.
  • [5]
    Kleessen, B., Bunke, H., Tovar, K., Noack, J., Sawatzki, G. (1995) Influence of two infant formulas and human milk on the development of the faecal flora in newborn infants. Acta Paediatr. 84, 13471356.
  • [6]
    Mevissen-Verhage, E.A., Marcelis, J.H., De Vos, M.N., Harmsen-van Amerongen, W.C., Verhoef, J. (1987) Bifidobacterium, Bacteroides, and Clostridium spp. in fecal samples from breast-fed and bottle-fed infants with and without iron supplement. J. Clin. Microbiol. 25, 285289.
  • [7]
    Yoshioka, H., Iseki, K.-I., Fujita, K. (1983) Development and differences of intestinal flora in the neonatal period in breast-fed and bottle-fed infants. Pediatrics 72, 317321.
  • [8]
    Balmer, S.E., Wharton, B.A. (1989) Diet and faecal flora in the newborn: breast milk and infant formula. Arch. Dis. Child. 64, 16721677.
  • [9]
    Thibault, H., Aubert-Jacquin, C., Goulet, O. (2004) Effects of long-term consumption of a fermented infant formula (with Bifidobacterium breve c50 and Streptococcus thermophilus 065) on acute diarrhea in healthy infants. J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr. 39, 147152.
  • [10]
    Finegold, S.M., Attebery, H.R., Sutter, V.L. (1974) Effect of diet on human fecal flora: comparison of Japanese and American diets. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 27, 14561469.
  • [11]
    Moore, W.E., Hioldeman, L.V. (1974) Human fecal flora: the normal flora of 20 Japanese–Hawaiians. Appl. Microbiol. 27, 961979.
  • [12]
    Hayashi, H., Sakamoto, M., Benno, Y. (2002) Phylogenetic analysis of the human gut microbiota using 16S rDNA clone libraries and strictly anaerobic culture-based methods. Microbiol. Immunol. 46, 535548.
  • [13]
    Suau, A., Bonnet, R., Sutren, M., Godon, J.J., Gibson, G.R., Collins, M.D., Doré, J. (1999) Direct analysis of genes encoding 16S rRNA from complex communities reveals many novel molecular species within the human gut. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65, 47994807.
  • [14]
    Favier, C.F., Vaughan, E.E., De Vos, W.M., Akkermans, A.D.L. (2002) Molecular monitoring of succession of bacterial communities in human neonates. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68, 219226.
  • [15]
    Favier, C.F., De Vos, W.M., Akkermans, A.D.L. (2003) Development of bacterial and bifidobacterial communities in feces of newborn babies. Anaerobe 9, 219229.
  • [16]
    Liu, W.T., Marsh, T.L., Cheng, H., Forney, L.J. (1997) Characterization of microbial diversity by determining terminal restriction fragment length polymorphisms of genes encoding 16S rRNA. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63, 45164522.
  • [17]
    Nagashima, K., Hisada, T., Sato, M., Mochizuki, J. (2003) Application of new primer-enzyme combinations to terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism profiling of bacterial populations in human feces. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69, 12511262.
  • [18]
    Sakamoto, M., Takeuchi, Y., Umeda, M., Ishikawa, I., Benno, Y. (2003) Application of terminal RFLP analysis to characterize oral bacterial flora in saliva of healthy subjects and patients with periodontitis. J. Med. Microbiol. 52, 7989.
  • [19]
    Sakamoto, M., Huang, Y., Ohnishi, M., Umeda, M., Ishikawa, I., Benno, Y. (2004) Changes in oral microbial profiles after periodontal treatment as determined by molecular analysis of 16S rRNA genes. J. Med. Microbiol. 53, 563571.
  • [20]
    Clement, B.G., Kitts, C.L. (2000) Isolating PCR-quality DNA from human feces with a soil DNA kit. BioTechniques 28, 640644.
  • [21]
    Matsuki, T., Watanabe, K., Tanaka, R., Fukuda, M., Oyaizu, H. (1999) Distribution of bifidobacterial species in human intestinal microflora examined with 16S rRNA-gene-targeted species-specific primers. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65, 45064512.
  • [22]
    Orrhage, K., Nord, C.E. (1999) Factors controlling the bacterial colonization of the intestine in breastfed infants. Acta Paediatr. Suppl. 430, 4757.
  • [23]
    Rose, J. (1984) Bacterial flora of breast-fed infants. Pediatrics 74, 563564.
  • [24]
    Hayashi, H., Sakamoto, M., Kitahara, M., Benno, Y. (2003) Molecular analysis of fecal microbiota in elderly individual using 16S rDNA library and T-RFLP. Microbiol. Immunol. 47, 557570.
  • [25]
    Schwiertz, A., Gruhl, B., Löbnitz, M., Michel, P., Radke, M., Blaut, M. (2003) Development of the intestinal bacterial composition in hospitalized preterm infants in comparison with breast-fed, full-term infants. Pediatr. Res. 54, 393399.
  • [26]
    Kaplan, C.W., Astaire, J.C., Sanders, M.E., Reddy, B.S., Kitts, C.L. (2001) 16S ribosomal DNA terminal restriction fragment pattern analysis of bacterial communities in feces of rats fed Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67, 19351937.
  • [27]
    Kibe, R., Sakamoto, M., Hayashi, H., Yokota, H., Benno, Y. (2004) Maturation of the murine cecal microbiota as revealed by terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism and 16S rRNA gene clone libraries. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 235, 139146.
  • [28]
    Kitahara, M., Sakata, S., Sakamoto, M., Benno, Y. (2004) Comparison among fecal secondary bile acid levels, fecal microbiota and Clostridium scindens cell numbers in Japanese. Microbiol. Immunol. 48, 367375.
  • [29]
    Sait, L., Galic, M., Strugnell, R.A., Janssen, P.H. (2003) Secretory antibodies do not affect the composition of the bacterial microbiota in the terminal ileum of 10-week-old mice. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69, 21002109.
  • [30]
    Biavati, B., Castagnoli, P., Crociani, F., Trovatelli, L.D. (1984) Species of the Bifidobacterium in the feces of infants. Microbiologica 7, 341345.
  • [31]
    Mitsuoka, T. (1984) Taxonomy and ecology of bifidobacteria. Bifidobacteria Microflora 3, 1126.
  • [32]
    He, F., Ouwehand, A.C., Isolaruri, E., Hashimoto, H., Benno, Y., Salminen, S. (2001) Comparison of mucosal adhesion and species identification of bifidobacteria isolated from healthy and allergic infants. FEMS Immunol. Med. Microbiol. 30, 4347.
  • [33]
    Ouwhand, A.C., Isolauri, E., He, F., Hashimoto, H., Benno, Y., Salminen, S. (2001) Differences in Bifidobacterium flora composition in allergic and healthy infants. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 108, 144145.