1William F. McCool, CNM, PhD, FACNM, is the Director of the Midwifery Graduate Program in the School of Nursing at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, PA.
Obstetric Anesthesia: Changes and Choices
Article first published online: 24 DEC 2010
2004 American College of Nurse Midwives
Journal of Midwifery & Womens Health
Volume 49, Issue 6, pages 505–513, November-December 2004
How to Cite
McCool, W. F., Packman, J. and Zwerling, A. (2004), Obstetric Anesthesia: Changes and Choices. Journal of Midwifery & Womens Health, 49: 505–513. doi: 10.1016/j.jmwh.2004.08.028
- Issue published online: 24 DEC 2010
- Article first published online: 24 DEC 2010
- obstetric anesthesia;
- obstetric history;
- regional anesthesia;
This article is a review of analgesics and anesthetics offered to laboring women, including intravenous drugs, epidural and spinal agents, and inhalational anesthetics. An overview of the uses, risks, and benefits is provided for each anesthetic alternative. To provide the most effective care to women in labor, clinicians have a responsibility to have current knowledge of the best evidence for safety and efficacy of these pharmacologic agents and techniques and be able to effectively communicate this information to clients.