Doubling Back Over Roads Once Traveled: Creating a National Organization for Nurse-Midwifery


  • Katy Dawley CNM, PhD

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    • Katy Dawley, CNM, PhD, is on the faculty of the Drexel University College of Nursing and Health Professions.

Katy Dawley, CNM, PhD, 235 Pelham Road, Philadelphia, PA 19119. E-mail:


The quest for a new national organization began in 1940 and concluded in November 1955 in Kansas City, Missouri, with the founding meeting of the American College of Nurse-Midwifery. This article looks at the conflicts with organized nursing about the place and role of nurse-midwives in the newly reorganized American Nurses Association and the National League for Nursing. Discussions and disagreements within nurse-midwifery over the need for a nonexclusive national organization that would set professional standards are examined.