Environmental Hazards During Pregnancy
Version of Record online: 24 DEC 2010
2006 American College of Nurse Midwives
Journal of Midwifery & Womens Health
Volume 51, Issue 1, pages 57–58, January-February 2006
How to Cite
(2006), Environmental Hazards During Pregnancy. Journal of Midwifery & Womens Health, 51: 57–58. doi: 10.1016/j.jmwh.2005.09.008
- Issue online: 24 DEC 2010
- Version of Record online: 24 DEC 2010
ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS DURING PREGNANCY
There are many chemicals in the air, in homes, and in businesses that could hurt you or your baby's health during pregnancy. This handout tells how to avoid pesticides, dangerous chemicals, and lead, which may be harmful to you or your baby.
How Can I Avoid Pesticides During Pregnancy?
Pesticides are chemicals used to kill bugs. They are found in water, on fruits, vegetables, in gardens and parks, and most places plants grow. Make sure to wash all fruits and vegetables before eating them. It is a good idea to peel them, too. Pregnant women should avoid pesticides, but if you have to use them:
- •Have someone else apply the chemical.
- •Avoid being in the area where pesticides have been used for 24 hours.
- •Remove food, dishes, towels, and eating utensils from the area where pesticides are used.
If you have to use pesticides yourself, wear gloves and clothing that you can wash.
Are Cleaning Products Dangerous?
There are lots of chemicals used in cleaning products. Make sure to read the labels for warnings for pregnant women. NEVER use anything labeled “toxic.” Do not mix ammonia and chlorine products. The mixture makes a gas that is harmful for anyone. There are many natural products, which can be safer to use during pregnancy. If you use any cleaning products, make sure to wear thick rubber gloves, and open the windows to get rid of the fumes.
What About Beauty Products During Pregnancy?
Chemicals used in nail salons are very dangerous. They let off fumes that can be very toxic, and you should avoid them while you are pregnant. If you cannot avoid them, make sure there is an open window or door for fresh air. To be on the safe side, you should not use artificial fingernails while you're pregnant. Hair products such as dyes, permanents, and straighteners are safe to use during pregnancy. You will get a very small amount of the chemical into your body from your scalp, but there are no reports that this exposure is harmful to you or your baby.
How Can I Avoid Lead Exposure?
Lead can be damaging to the nervous system. It has been illegal to use lead in making household products since 1978, but lead might be found in the paint and pipes present in older homes. Other sources of lead include drinking water from old pipes, lead crystal glassware, some ceramic dishes, wicks of scented candles, and the plastic grips on some hand tools. Lead may also be found in some arts and crafts materials, such as oil paints, ceramic glazes, and stained glass supplies.
If you think you have lead paint in your home, you can paint over it with latex paint, or there are ways to have it removed safely. You should not be in or around the house for several hours when this happens. If you think your water may have lead in it, contact your state health department to find out how to get your pipes tested. Many home water filters do not remove lead, so you should read their labels carefully.
Some pregnant women have a desire to eat clay soil or chips of clay pottery. This is called “pica” and can result in lead poisoning. Let your health care provider know if you are eating clay.
- •Never use tap water to prepare infant formula.
- •Only use cold tap water and let the water run for 30 to 60 seconds before drinking it.
- •If you are worried about the pipes in your home, use a reverse osmosis water filter such as the “Brita” type. Many home water filters do not remove lead, so you need to read their labels carefully.
|Certain craft supplies: Stained glass material, oil paints, ceramic glazes|
|Tap water: Water that has not been tested or you think is unsafe. If you have any concerns about the quality of your water, call your local health department or check with your health care provider.|
|NEVER use tap water to prepare infant formula|
|Lead Paint: Homes built before 1978 may have lead paint. If you suspect lead paint, call a professional to remove it.|
|Pesticides: Found in gardens, on fruits, and on vegetables|
|Cleaning supplies: Anything labeled “toxic” or any products with a warning on the label|
|Smoking, drinking, second-hand smoke|
Are There Other Dangers for My Baby and Me?
Smoking and drinking alcohol are very dangerous for you and your baby. If you currently smoke or drink, your health care provider can talk with you about ways to stop. The smoke from other people's cigarettes or other tobacco products, second-hand smoke, is also very dangerous for both you and your baby. You should avoid any places where people smoke (bars, restaurants), and do not smoke or allow other people to smoke in your home.
FOR MORE INFORMATION
March of Dimes: http:www.marchofdimes.com
Environmental Protection Agency:
Lead in your Home: A Parent's Reference Guide
Environment, Health, and Safety Online: http:www.ehso.comehshomepregnancy.htm
This page may be reproduced for noncommercial use by health care professionals to share with clients. Any othe reproduction is subject to JMWH approval. The information and recommendations appearing on this page are appropriate in most instances, but theya re not a substitute for medical diagnosis. For specific information concerning your personal medical condition, JMWH suggests that you consult your health care provider.