Marylou Carr, CNM, MSN, has lived and worked as a nurse, a nurse-midwife, and a health consultant in Brazil, the United States, and Mozambique. She is presently living in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Rekindling of Nurse-Midwifery in Brazil: Public Policy and Childbirth Trends
Article first published online: 24 DEC 2010
2007 American College of Nurse Midwives
Journal of Midwifery & Womens Health
Volume 52, Issue 4, pages 406–411, July-August 2007
How to Cite
Carr, M. and Riesco, M. L. G. (2007), Rekindling of Nurse-Midwifery in Brazil: Public Policy and Childbirth Trends. Journal of Midwifery & Womens Health, 52: 406–411. doi: 10.1016/j.jmwh.2007.02.015
- Issue published online: 24 DEC 2010
- Article first published online: 24 DEC 2010
In the last decade, nurse-midwifery in Brazil has experienced many changes both professionally and politically. In the 1990s, Brazil's Ministry of Health generated policies to improve childbirth services. Included in these policy initiatives was legislation for the reimbursement of nurse-midwifery services and a substantial increase in financing of nurse-midwifery schools throughout the country. It was during this period that the Brazilian National Nurse-Midwifery Organization was formed to provide professional leadership and an alternative model of childbirth care. The future is hopeful, but the nurse-midwifery profession will need collective determination to succeed in changing practices and improving services to women and families.