The following two articles constitute “duplicate publication” as defined and published by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors.
Winani S, Wood S, Coffey P, Chirwa T, Mosha F, Changalucha J. Use of a clean delivery kit and factors associated with cord infection and puerperal sepsis in Mwanza, Tanzania. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2007 Jan-Feb;52(1):37–43.
Mosha F, Winani S, Wood S, Changalucha J, Ngasalla B. Evaluation of the effectiveness of a clean delivery kit intervention in preventing cord infection and puerperal sepsis among neonates and their mothers in rural Mwanza Region, Tanzania. Tanzania Health Research Bulletin 2005 Sep;7(3):185–8.
Readers should be aware that these two articles are reports of the same study. The article published by Winani S et al. in the Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health is the official publication of these study results. The duplicate article published by Mosha et al. in the Tanzania Health Research Bulletin contains a preliminary evaluation and was published without consent of the research group. Researchers should not use both articles in reviews or analyses such as meta-analysis.