Christine M. Betzold, NP, CLC, MSN graduated from UCSF in 1991 and is board certified in family practice. She works at Children's Hospital of Orange County where she combines her careers working as both a nurse practitioner and a lactation consultant.
An Update on the Recognition and Management of Lactational Breast Inflammation
Article first published online: 24 DEC 2010
2007 American College of Nurse Midwives
Journal of Midwifery & Womens Health
Volume 52, Issue 6, pages 595–605, November-December 2007
How to Cite
Betzold, C. M. (2007), An Update on the Recognition and Management of Lactational Breast Inflammation. Journal of Midwifery & Womens Health, 52: 595–605. doi: 10.1016/j.jmwh.2007.08.002
- Issue published online: 24 DEC 2010
- Article first published online: 24 DEC 2010
- breast abscess;
- breast pain;
- ductal infections;
- plugged ducts;
Inflammation of the breast (mastitis) with or without infection or redness has a variety of etiologies and presentations that range from the fairly benign blocked duct to the more serious breast abscess. True infectious mastitis can present in a manner that is easily identifiable, or it can present in a subtle and ambiguous fashion. Some women are challenged with recurrent mastitis, and often the underlying etiology is never discovered. This review will assist the clinician in recognizing, efficiently diagnosing, and effectively treating breast inflammation caused by infectious and noninfectious processes, including recurrent mastitis. Tables and a flowchart that outline breast inflammation and recurrent mastitis are provided.