Lisa Kane Low, CNM, PhD, FACNM, is an Assistant Professor in the School of Nursing and College of Literature Science and the Arts, Program in Women's Studies at the University of Michigan.
Postpartum Hemorrhage Prevention: A Case Study in Northern Rural Honduras
Article first published online: 24 DEC 2010
2008 American College of Nurse Midwives
Journal of Midwifery & Womens Health
Volume 53, Issue 1, pages e1–e6, January-February 2008
How to Cite
Low, L. K., Bailey, J. M., Sacks, E., Medina, L. and Piñeda, H. O. L. (2008), Postpartum Hemorrhage Prevention: A Case Study in Northern Rural Honduras. Journal of Midwifery & Womens Health, 53: e1–e6. doi: 10.1016/j.jmwh.2007.08.014
- Issue published online: 24 DEC 2010
- Article first published online: 24 DEC 2010
- international maternal child health;
- postpartum hemorrhage;
- Safe Motherhood;
- skilled birth attendants
Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the leading cause of maternal mortality globally. Safe Motherhood policies have been directed towards the reduction of PPH by recommending active management of third-stage labor as the standard of care. One component of active management involves routine use of a uterotonic agent within 1 minute of the delivery of the baby. A case study at Clínica Materno-Infantil, a free-standing public birth center in Honduras, is presented, focusing on methods to reduce PPH. The nursing staff was trained to estimate blood loss and in methods to manage PPH, including elements of active management of the third stage of labor. Medical records were reviewed and an analysis of PPH management compared to estimated blood loss (EBL) was conducted. There was no significant correlation between PPH management techniques and EBL (r = .368). There was a statistically significant (P < .001) correlation between oxytocin administration and lower EBL (r = –.232), indicating that there was less blood loss when oxytocin was administered. At Clínica Materno-Infantil, routine use of a uterotonic agent appears beneficial and further implementation of active management of the third stage of labor appears warranted.