Jan M, Kriebs, CNM, MSN, FACNM, is Director of the Midwifery Practice and assistant professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences at the University of Maryland Medical System, Baltimore, MD.
Understanding Herpes Simplex Virus: Transmission, Diagnosis, and Considerations in Pregnancy Management
Article first published online: 24 DEC 2010
2008 American College of Nurse Midwives
Journal of Midwifery & Womens Health
Volume 53, Issue 3, pages 202–208, May-June 2008
How to Cite
Kriebs, J. M. (2008), Understanding Herpes Simplex Virus: Transmission, Diagnosis, and Considerations in Pregnancy Management. Journal of Midwifery & Womens Health, 53: 202–208. doi: 10.1016/j.jmwh.2008.01.010
- Issue published online: 24 DEC 2010
- Article first published online: 24 DEC 2010
- genital herpes;
- herpes simplex virus;
Genital herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections are frequently asymptomatic or undiagnosed, but more than half the US population is seropositive for HSV, and about one-fifth are positive for HSV-2. These two factors contribute to the risk for sexual transmission and therefore to the risk of late-pregnancy acquisition of HSV. Most neonatal herpes infections are the result of undiagnosed, new-onset HSV infection in the mother. This article reviews the epidemiology of HSV, risks of transmission, and testing and management of HSV during pregnancy. Options for evaluation and management are presented.