• 1
    Zisook S, Paulus M, Shuchter SR et al. The many faces of depression following spousal bereavement. J Affect Disord 1997; 45: 8595.
  • 2
    Clayton PJ, Herjanic M, Murphy GE et al. Mourning and depression: their similarities and differences. Can Psychiatr Assoc J 1974; 19: 30912.
  • 3
    World Health Organization. The ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioural disorders. Clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines. Geneva: World Health Organization, 1992.
  • 4
    Kendler KS, Kupfer D, Narrow W et al. Guidelines for making changes to DSM-5.
  • 5
    Maj M. Depression, bereavement, and “understandable” intense sadness: should the DSM-IV approach be revised? Am J Psychiatry 2008; 165: 13735.
  • 6
    Wakefield JC, First MB. Validity of the bereavement exclusion to major depression: does the empirical evidence support the proposal to eliminate the exclusion in DSM-5? World Psychiatry 2012; 11: 310.
  • 7
    Mojtabai R. Bereavement-related depressive episodes: characteristics, 3-year course, and implications for the DSM-5. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2011; 68: 9208.
  • 8
    Wakefield JC, Schmitz MF. Recurrence of bereavement-related depression: evidence for the validity of the DSM-IV bereavement exclusion from the Epidemiologic Catchment Area Study. J Nerv Ment Dis (in press).
  • 9
    Pies RW. Depression and the pitfalls of causality: implications for DSM-V. J Affect Disord 2009; 116: 13.
  • 10
    Kendler KS, Myers J, Zisook S. Does bereavement-related major depression differ from major depression associated with other stressful life events? Am J Psychiatry 2008; 165: 144955.
  • 11
    Wakefield JC, Schmitz MF, First MB et al. Extending the bereavement exclusion for major depression to other losses. Evidence from the National Comorbidity Survey. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2007; 64: 43340.
  • 12
    Wakefield JC, Schmitz MF, Baer JC. Did narrowing the major depression bereavement exclusion from DSM-III-R to DSM-IV increase validity? Evidence from the National Comorbidity Survey. J Nerv Ment Dis 2011; 199: 6673.