• Attention;
  • Target detection;
  • Response inhibition;
  • ERP

Task and modality effects on P3 latency, amplitude, and scalp topography were studied during parallel versions of visual (VCPT) and auditory (ACPT) continuous performance tasks using a Go/NoGo paradigm (A-X CPT). Both the ACPT and VCPT incorporated five conditions including Go and NoGo stimulus sequences as well as three other nontarget conditions. The goal was to evaluate the functional significance and modality specificity of the P300 response and the NoGo P3. Analyses were performed using both raw and normalized data to make comparisons across modalities. For both modalities, the Target X (Go) and three nontarget conditions elicited maximum P3 amplitudes over the posterior scalp sites and qualified as classical P300 responses. The NoGo condition was associated with an increase in central-frontal amplitude compared to the Target X condition. The scalp topography of the P300/P3 for Go and NoGo conditions, as well as all other conditions, was the same for both modalities, supporting the modality independent nature of both P300 and the NoGo P3. Min-Max normalization of P3 amplitudes did not change the condition-topography relationships.