SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Anthes, R., Fellows, J., Hooke, B. & McPherson, R. (2001) AMS/UCAR outreach to the Bush Administration and the 107th Congress. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 82: 987990.
  • Barkmeijer, J., Buizza, R. & Palmer, T. N. (1999). 3D-Var Hessian singular vectors and their potential use in the ECMWF Ensemble Prediction System. Q. J. R. Meteor. Soc. 125: 23332351.
  • Bell, G. D., Halpert, M. S., Schnell, R. C., Wayne Higgins, R., Lawrimore, J., Kousky, V. E., Tinker, R., Thiaw, W., Chelliah, M. and Artusa, A. (2000) Climate assesment for 1999. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 81: S1S50.
  • Buizza, R. B. & Palmer, T. N. (1995) The singular-vector structure of the atmospheric general circulation. J. Atmos. Sci. 52: 14341456.
  • Buizza, R. B., Petroliagis, T., Palmer, T. N., Barkmeijer, J., Hamrud, M., Hollingsworth, A., Simmons, A. & Wedi, N. (1998) Impact of model resolution and ensemble size on the performance of the ECMWF Ensemble Prediction System. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 124: 19351960.
  • Buizza, R. B., Miller, M. & Palmer, T. N. (1999) Stochastic representation of model uncertainties in the ECMWF Ensemble Prediction System. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 125: 28872908.
  • Easterling, D. R., Evans, J. L., Groisman, P. Ya., Karl, T. R., Kunkel, K. E. & Ambenje, P. (1999) Observed variability and trends in severe weather climate events: a brief review. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 81: 417425.
  • Houtekamer, P. L., Lefaivre, L., Derome, J., Ritchie, H. & Mitchell, H. L. (1996) A system simulation approach to ensemble prediction. Mon. Wea. Rev. 124: 12251242.
  • Kunkel, K. E., Pielke Jr., R. A. & Changnon, S. A. (1999) Temporal fluctuations in weather and climate extremes that cause economic and human health impacts: A review. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 80: 10771098.
  • Molteni, F., Buizza, R., Palmer, T. N. & Petroliagis, T. (1996) The ECMWF Ensemble Prediction System: methodology and validation. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 122: 73119.
  • Palmer, T. N., Molteni, F., Mureau, R., Buizza, R., Chapelet, P. & Tribbia, J. (1993) Ensemble prediction. In: Proc. ECMWF Seminar (1992), ECMWF, Shinfield Park, Reading RG2 9AX, UK.
  • Pielke, R. A., Jr., et al. (1997) Workshop: Social and Economic Impacts of Weather, April 2–4. Available athttp://www.esig.ucar.edu/socasp/weather1.
  • Teixeira, J. (1999) The Impact of Increased Boundary Layer Vertical Resolution on the ECMWF Forecasting System. ECMWF Research Department Technical Memorandum No. 268, February 1999, ECMWF, Shinfield Park, Reading RG2 9AX, UK, 55pp.
  • Toth, Z. & Kalnay, E. (1993) Ensemble forecasting at NMC: the generation of perturbations. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 74: 23172330.