Vision Touch and Hearing Research Centre, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, 4072, Australia.
Animal colour vision — behavioural tests and physiological concepts
Version of Record online: 15 MAR 2007
Volume 78, Issue 1, pages 81–118, February 2003
How to Cite
KELBER, A., VOROBYEV, M. and OSORIO, D. (2003), Animal colour vision — behavioural tests and physiological concepts. Biological Reviews, 78: 81–118. doi: 10.1017/S1464793102005985
- Issue online: 15 MAR 2007
- Version of Record online: 15 MAR 2007
- Received 3 September 2001; revised 15 April 2002
Over a century ago workers such as J. Lubbock and K. von Frisch developed behavioural criteria for establishing that non-human animals see colour. Many animals in most phyla have since then been shown to have colour vision. Colour is used for specific behaviours, such as phototaxis and object recognition, while other behaviours such as motion detection are colour blind. Having established the existence of colour vision, research focussed on the question of how many spectral types of photoreceptors are involved. Recently, data on photoreceptor spectral sensitivities have been combined with behavioural experiments and physiological models to study systematically the next logical question: ‘what neural interactions underlie colour vision ?‘This review gives an overview of the methods used to study animal colour vision, and discusses how quantitative modelling can suggest how photoreceptor signals are combined and compared to allow for the discrimination of biologically relevant stimuli.