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Abstract

The successful cryopreservation of cell and tissues typically requires the use of specialized solutions containing cryoprotective agents. At room temperature, the introduction of a cryopreservation solution can result in cell damage/death resulting from osmotic stresses and/or biochemical toxicity of the solution. For tissues, the permeation and equilibration of a cryoprotective solution throughout the tissue is important in enhancing the uniformity and consistency of the postthaw viability of the tissue. Magnetic resonance (MR) is a common nondestructive technique that can be used to quantitate the temporal and spatial composition of water and cryoprotective agents in a three-dimensional system. We have applied a recently developed rapid NMR imaging technique to quantify the transport of water in an artificial dermal replacement upon permeation of dimethyl sulfoxide (Me2SO) solutions. Results indicate that the rate of water transport is slower in the presence of Me2SO molecules. Furthermore, the transport is concentration-dependent, suggesting that Me2SO tends to retain bound water molecules in the tissue. Moreover, water transport decreases with decreasing temperature, and the presence of cells tends to increase water transport.