This work represents the dissertation of the first author, chaired by the second author.
Trauma exposure and PTSD symptoms in international relief and development personnel†
Article first published online: 18 MAY 2005
Copyright © 2001 International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies
Journal of Traumatic Stress
Volume 14, Issue 1, pages 205–212, January 2001
How to Cite
Eriksson, C. B., Kemp, H. V., Gorsuch, R., Hoke, S. and Foy, D. W. (2001), Trauma exposure and PTSD symptoms in international relief and development personnel. J. Traum. Stress, 14: 205–212. doi: 10.1023/A:1007804119319
- Issue published online: 18 MAY 2005
- Article first published online: 18 MAY 2005
- trauma exposure;
- international relief and development personnel;
- social support
International relief and development personnel may be directly or indirectly exposed to traumatic events that put them at risk for developing symptoms of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). In order to identify areas of risk and related reactions, surveys were administered to 113 recently returned staff from 5 humanitarian aid agencies. Respondents reported high rates of direct and indirect exposure to life-threatening events. Approximately 30% of those surveyed reported significant symptoms of PTSD. Multiple regression analysis revealed that personal and vicarious exposure to life-threatening events and an interaction between social support and exposure to life threat accounted for a significant amount of variance in PTSD severity. These results suggest the need for personnel programs; prede-ployment training, risk assessment, and contingency planning may better prepare personnel for service.