An earlier version of this study was presented at the 14th Annual Meeting of the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, Washington, DC, 1998.
Identifying subtypes of women survivors of childhood sexual abuse: An MMPI-2 cluster analysis†
Article first published online: 18 MAY 2005
Copyright © 2001 International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies
Journal of Traumatic Stress
Volume 14, Issue 1, pages 157–175, January 2001
How to Cite
Elhai, J. D., Flitter, J. M. K., Gold, S. N. and Sellers, A. H. (2001), Identifying subtypes of women survivors of childhood sexual abuse: An MMPI-2 cluster analysis. J. Traum. Stress, 14: 157–175. doi: 10.1023/A:1007847901572
- Issue published online: 18 MAY 2005
- Article first published online: 18 MAY 2005
- child abuse;
- sexual abuse;
- cluster analysis
This paper investigated subtypes of women childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivors through a cluster analysis of their Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) clinical and validity scales. Participants were 117 women in outpatient treatment for CSA aftereffects at a university-affiliated community mental health center. Three well-fitting MMPI-2 cluster solutions were evaluated with discriminant analyses and MANOVAs; a 5-cluster solution was deemed optimal. Follow-up analyses demonstrated significant between-cluster differences on the Impact of Event Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, Dissociative Experiences Scale, and nearly all Symptom Checklist-90-Revised subscales. No differences emerged when comparing clusters on the Family Environment Scale and their CSA characteristics. Implications were considered for research and clinical practice, using the MMPI-2 with CSA survivors.