Sleep difficulties and alcohol use motives in female rape victims with posttraumatic stress disorder

Authors

  • Pallavi Nishith,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Psychology, Center for Trauma Recovery, University of Missouri - St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri
    • Center for Trauma Recovery, U-8 Weinman Building, University of Missouri - St. Louis, 8001 Natural Bridge Road, St. Louis, Missouri 63121
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Patricia A. Resick,

    1. Department of Psychology, Center for Trauma Recovery, University of Missouri - St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Kim T. Mueser

    1. Departments of Psychiatry and Community and Family Medicine, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, New Hampshire
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between sleep difficulties and drinking motives in female rape victims with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Seventy-four participants were assessed for PTSD symptoms, depression, sleep difficulties, and drinking motives. Results demonstrated that neither PTSD symptoms nor depression were related to any motives for using alcohol. On the other hand, after controlling for education, sleep difficulties were significantly related to drinking motives for coping with negative affect, but not pleasure enhancement or socialization. The findings suggest that sleep difficulties may be an important factor contributing to alcohol use in rape victims with PTSD.

Ancillary