Child and parent response to the 1993 World Trade Center bombing

Authors

  • Harold S. Koplewicz,

    1. Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Schneider Children's Hospital, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, New Hyde Park, New York
    Current affiliation:
    1. NYU Child Study Center, 577 First Avenue, New York, New York 10016
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  • Juliet M. Vogel,

    Corresponding author
    1. Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Schneider Children's Hospital, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, New Hyde Park, New York
    • Department of Psychiatry, North Shore Hospital, 300 Community Drive, Manhasset, New York 11030
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  • Mary V. Solanto,

    1. Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Schneider Children's Hospital, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, New Hyde Park, New York
    Current affiliation:
    1. Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Box 1230, The Mount Sinai Medical Center, 1 Gustav Levy Place, New York, New York 10029
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  • Richard F. Morrissey,

    1. Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Schneider Children's Hospital, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, New Hyde Park, New York
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  • Carmen M. Alonso,

    1. Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Schneider Children's Hospital, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, New Hyde Park, New York
    Current affiliation:
    1. NYU Child Study Center, 577 First Avenue, New York, New York 10016
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  • Howard Abikoff,

    1. Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Schneider Children's Hospital, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, New Hyde Park, New York
    Current affiliation:
    1. NYU Child Study Center, 577 First Avenue, New York, New York 10016
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  • Richard Gallagher,

    1. Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Schneider Children's Hospital, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, New Hyde Park, New York
    Current affiliation:
    1. NYU Child Study Center, 577 First Avenue, New York, New York 10016
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  • Rona M. Novick

    1. Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Schneider Children's Hospital, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, New Hyde Park, New York
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Abstract

This study evaluated children's symptoms 3 and 9 months after the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center, and the relationship between parent and child reactions when only the children had been in the building. Nine children who had been trapped in an elevator, 13 who had been on the observation deck, and 27 controls completed the Posttraumatic Stress Reaction Index and a Fear Inventory. Parents completed these measures about the children and comparable measures about themselves. Exposed children reported posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and disaster-related fears; their parents reported experiencing PTSD symptoms. Only parents rated children's symptoms as decreasing significantly over time. Association between child symptoms and parent symptoms increased over time. Children's initial distress predicted parents' distress 9 months postdisaster.

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