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Keywords:

  • war trauma;
  • posttraumatic stress disorder;
  • Kosovar refugee;
  • gender difference;
  • proximate time to war

Abstract

Since 1999, almost 16,000 Kosovar refugees have entered the United States. Few studies have investigated trauma and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in this population. We conducted a caseworker-assisted survey of 129 Kosovar refugees (aged 18 to 79 years, 55% male). Of these individuals. 78 (60.5%) showed the likely presence of PTSD. The mean number of war-related traumatic events reported was 15 (SD = 4.5). Higher PTSD scores were associated with more traumatic events and female gender.