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Consistency of retrospective reporting about exposure to traumatic events†
Article first published online: 30 JUN 2005
Copyright © 2003 International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies
Journal of Traumatic Stress
Volume 16, Issue 4, pages 399–409, August 2003
How to Cite
Krinsley, K. E., Gallagher, J. G., Weathers, F. W., Kutter, C. J. and Kaloupek, D. G. (2003), Consistency of retrospective reporting about exposure to traumatic events. J. Traum. Stress, 16: 399–409. doi: 10.1023/A:1024474204233
Portions of this paper have been presented at the Second World Conference of the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies in 1996 and at the Annual Meeting of the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies in 1998.
- Issue published online: 30 JUN 2005
- Article first published online: 30 JUN 2005
- trauma assessment;
- consistency of reporting;
- Evaluation of Lifetime Stressors;
- traumatic event characteristics;
- memory for traumatic events
Lifetime exposure to traumatic events was assessed by means of a multimethod protocol applied to 76 male military veterans. Consistency of retrospective reporting was determined for physical and sexual assault and abuse, accidents, disasters, combat and warzone experiences, serious illness or injury, and hazardous duty. Findings demonstrate that respondents are generally consistent in reporting traumatic events, although the majority report more events upon reevaluation. Reporting about traumatic events shows some variation as a function of the life epoch in which events occurred, whether they were directly or indirectly experienced, and the type of trauma involved. Discussion addresses memory-related processes triggered by trauma evaluation or tied to characteristics of events themselves as potential sources of inconsistency.