European orogenic processes research transects the eastern Alps


  • Helmut Gebrande,

  • Ewald Lüschen,

    1. University of Munich, Theresienstrasse 41, D-80333 München, Germany
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  • Bernd Lammerer,

  • Onno Oncken,

  • Manfred Stiller,

  • Franz Neubauer,

  • Karl Millahn,

  • Herfried Grassl,

  • Luca Bertelli,

  • Gianpiero Angeleri,

  • Roberto Fantoni,

  • Alfredo Mazzotti,

  • Marcello Bernabini,

  • Alberto Castellarin,

  • Rinaldo Nicolich


The Alps—the youngest and most elevated mountain range in Europe—have inspired ideas about orogenic evolution for a long time. During the late 1980s, the western Alps were the site of intensive research using seismic profiling methods by Swiss, Italian, and French national programs [Rome et al., 1990; Pfiffner et al., 1997] .These investigations, some of which formed part of the European Traverse [Blundell et al., 1992], provided a great wealth of new data relevant to the Alpine orogeny. This orogeny is generally viewed in the context of the collision of the European and the Adriatic/African continental plates after the closure and subduction of the Penninic Ocean since about 40–50 Ma.