Solar Energetic Particle Variations

  1. Judit M. Pap,
  2. Peter Fox,
  3. Claus Frohlich,
  4. Hugh S. Hudson,
  5. Jeffrey Kuhn,
  6. John McCormack,
  7. Gerald North,
  8. William Sprigg and
  9. S. T. Wu
  1. David Lario1 and
  2. George M. Simnett2

Published Online: 18 MAR 2013

DOI: 10.1029/141GM14

Solar Variability and Its Effects on Climate

Solar Variability and Its Effects on Climate

How to Cite

Lario, D. and Simnett, G. M. (2004) Solar Energetic Particle Variations, in Solar Variability and Its Effects on Climate (eds J. M. Pap, P. Fox, C. Frohlich, H. S. Hudson, J. Kuhn, J. McCormack, G. North, W. Sprigg and S. T. Wu), American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C.. doi: 10.1029/141GM14

Author Information

  1. 1

    The Johns Hopkins University, Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, Maryland, USA

  2. 2

    School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 MAR 2013
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 2004

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780875904061

Online ISBN: 9781118665909



  • Solar oscillations;
  • Climatic changes—Effect of solar activity on


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Energetic Particle Populations in the Heliosphere

  • Solar Energetic Particles

  • Occurrence of Solar Energetic Particle Events

  • Major Solar Proton Events

  • Modeling Gradual SEP Events

  • Conclusions