Modeling the Energy-Dependent Charge States of Solar Energetic Particles

  1. Natchimuthukonar Gopalswamy,
  2. Richard Mewaldt and
  3. Jarmo Torsti
  1. Leon Kocharov

Published Online: 27 MAR 2013

DOI: 10.1029/165GM14

Solar Eruptions and Energetic Particles

Solar Eruptions and Energetic Particles

How to Cite

Kocharov, L. (2013) Modeling the Energy-Dependent Charge States of Solar Energetic Particles, in Solar Eruptions and Energetic Particles (eds N. Gopalswamy, R. Mewaldt and J. Torsti), American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C.. doi: 10.1029/165GM14

Author Information

  1. Department of Physics and the Väisälä Institute for Space Physics and Astronomy, University of Turku, Finland

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 27 MAR 2013
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 2006

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780875904306

Online ISBN: 9781118666203

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Keywords:

  • Coronal mass ejections;
  • Solar energetic particles;
  • Solar activity

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Processes of Charge Equilibration in Plasma

  • Equilibrium Charge of Energetic Ions

  • Models of Concurrent Acceleration and Charge-Equilibration

  • Consecutive Acceleration and Charge-Change

  • Mixing and Fractionation

  • Conclusions