SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Adkins, J. F., E. A. Boyle, L. Keigwin, E. Cortijo, Variability of the North Atlantic thermohaline circulation during the last interglacial period, Nature, 390, 154156, 1997.
  • Berger, A., T. Fichefet, H. Gallée, C. Tricot, J. P. vanYpersele, Entering the glaciation with a 2-D coupled climate model, Quat. ScI Rev., 11, 481493, 1992.
  • Bryan, F., High-latitude salinity effects and interhemispheric thermohaline circulations, Nature, 323, 301304, 1986.
  • Chapman, M. R., N. J. Shackleton, Millenialscale fluctuations in North Atlantic heat flux during the last 150,000 years, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 159, 5770, 1998.
  • , AGU, Climate: Long-Range Investigation, Mapping, and Prediction (CLIMAP) Project Members, The last interglacial ocean, Quat. Res., 21, 123224, 1984.
  • Coplen, T. B., Normalization of oxygen and hydrogen isotope data, Chem. Geol., 72, 293297, 1988.
  • Cortijo, E., J. C. Duplessy, L. Labeyrie, H. Leclaire, J. Duprat, T.C.E. vanWeering, Eemian cooling in the Norwegian Sea and North Atlantic Ocean preceding continental ice-sheet growth, Nature, 372, 446449, 1994.
  • Craig, H., L. I. Gordon, Deuterium and oxygen 18 variations in the ocean and the marine atmosphere, Lab. di Geol. Nucl., Cons. Naz. delle Ric., Spoleto, Italy, Stable Isotopes in Oceanographic Studies and PaleotemperaturesE. Tongiorgi, 9122, 1965.
  • Dansgaard, W., S. J. Johnsen, H. B. Clausen, D. Dahl-Jensen, N. S. Gundestrup, C. U. Hammer, C. S. Hvidberg, J. P. Steffensen, A. E. SveinbjOrnsdottir, J. Jouzel, G. Bond, Evidence for general instability of past climate from a 250-kyr ice-core record, Nature, 364, 218220, 1993.
  • Deuser, W. G., Seasonal variations in isotopic composition and deep-water fluxes of the tests of perennially abundant planktonic foraminifera of the Sargasso Sea: Results from sediment-trap collections and their paleoceanographic significance, J. Foraminiferal Res., 17, 1427, 1987.
  • Duplessy, J.-C., N. J. Shackleton, Response of global deep-water circulation to Earth's climatic change 135, 000–107, 000 years ago, Nature, 316, 500507, 1985.
  • Duplessy, J.-C., L. Labeyrie, A. Juillet-Leclerc, F. Maître, J. Duprat, M. Sarnthein, Surface salinity reconstruction of the North Atlantic Ocean during the last glacial maximum, Oceanol. Acta, 14, 311324, 1991.
  • Field, M. H., B. Huntley, H. Müller, Eemian climate fluctuations observed in a European pollen record, Nature, 371, 779783, 1994.
  • Fronval, T., E. Jansen, Rapid changes in ocean circulation and heat flux in the Nordic seas during the last interglacial period, Nature, 383, 806810, 1996.
  • Fuchs, A., M. C. Leuenberger, δ18O of atmospheric oxygen measured on the GRIP ice core document stratigraphie disturbances in the lowest 10% of the core, Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 10491052, 1996.
  • Hughen, K. A., J. T. Overpeck, L. C. Peterson, S. Trumbore, Rapid climate changes in the tropical Atlantic region during the last deglaciation, Nature, 380, 5154, 1996.
  • Imbrie, J., J. D. Hays, D. G. Martinson, A. McIntyre, A. C. Mix, J. J. Morley, N. G. Pisias, W. L. Prell, N. J. Shackleton, The orbital theory of Pleistocene climate: Support from a revised chronology of the marine δ18O record, Milankoviich and ClimateA. Berger, et al., 269305, D. Reidel, Norwell Mass., 1984.
  • Keigwin, L. D., G. A. Jones, Western North Atlantic evidence for millenial-scale changes in ocean circulation and climate, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 12,39712,410, 1994.
  • Kukla, G., J. F. McManus, D. D. Rousseau, I. Chuine, How long and how stable was the last interglacial?, Quat. Sci. Rev., 16, 605612, 1997.
  • Levitus, S., Climatological Atlas of the World Ocean, NOAA Prof. Pap., 13, 173, 1982.
  • Liao, X., A. Street-Perrott, J.F.B. Mitchell, GCM experiments with different cloud parameterization: Comparisons with palaeoclimatic reconstructions for 6000 years B.P., Paleoclimates, 1, 99123, 1994.
  • Mangerud, J., E. Sonstegaard, H. P. Sejrup, Correlation of the Eemian (interglacial) stage and the deep-sea oxygen-isotope stratigraphy, Nature, 277, 189192, 1979.
  • Martinson, D. G., N. G. Pisias, J. D. Hays, J. Imbrie, T. C. Moore, N. J. Shackleton, Age dating and the orbital theory of the ice ages: Development of a high-resolution 0 to 300,000 year chrono-stratigraphy, Quat. Res., 27, 129, 1987.
  • Mitchell, J.F.B., N. S. Grahame, K. J. Needham, Climate simulations for 9000 years before present: seasonal variations and effect of the Laurentide ice sheet, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 82838303, 1988.
  • Nof, D., The collision between the Gulf Stream and warm-core rings, Deep Sea Res., 33, 359378, 1986.
  • Oppo, D. W., M. Horowitz, S. J. Lehman, Marine core evidence for reduced deep water production during Termination II followed by a relatively stable substage 5e (Eemian), Paleoceanography, 12, 5163, 1997.
  • Overpeck, J. T., T. Webb III, I. C. Prentice, Quantitative interpretation of fossil pollen spectra: Dissimilarity coefficients and the method of modern analogs, Quat. Res., 23, 87108, 1985.
  • Paillard, D., The timing of Pleistocene glaciations from a simple multiple-state climate model, Nature, 391, 378381, 1998.
  • Pflaumann, U., J. Duprat, C. Pujol, L. Labeyrie, SIMMAX: A modern analog technique to deduce Atlantic sea surface temperatures from planktonic foraminifera in deep-sea sediments, Paleo-ceanography, 11, 1535, 1996.
  • Prell, W. L., The stability of low-latitude sea-surface temperatures: an evolution of the CLIMAP reconstruction with emphasis on the positive SST anomalies, Rep., TR025, U. S. Dep. of Energy, Washington D. C., 1985.
  • Rohling, E. J., G. R. Bigg, Paleosalinity and δ18O: A critical assessment, J. Geophys. Res, 103, 13071318, 1998.
  • Ruddiman, W. F., A. C. Mix, The North and Equatorial Atlantic at 9000 and 6000 yr BP, Global Climates Since the Last Glacial MaximumH.E.J. Wright, et al., 94124, Univ. of Minn. Press, Minneapolis, 1993.
  • Saunders, P. M., Anticyclonic eddies formed from shoreward meanders of the Gulf Stream, Deep Sea Res., 18, 12071219, 1971.
  • Seidenkrantz, M.-S., P. Kristensen, K. L. Knudsen, Marine evidence for climatic instability during the last interglacial in shelf records from northwest Europe, J. Quat Sci, 10, 7782, 1995.
  • Shackleton, N. J., Attainment of isotopic equilibrium between ocean water and benthonic foraminifera genus Uvigerina: isotopic changes in the ocean during the last glacial, in Les Méthodes Quantitatives d'Etude des Variations du Climat au Cours du Pleistocene, 203209, Cent. Nat. de la Rech. Sci., Gif-sur-Yvette, France, 1974.
  • Shackleton, N. J., N. D. Opdyke, Oxygen isotope and paleomagnetic stratigraphy of equatorial Pacific core V28–238: Oxygen isotope temperature and ice volume on a 105 year and 106 year scale, Quat. Res., 3, 3955, 1973.
  • Streeter, S. S., P. E. Belanger, T. B. Kellogg, J. C. Duplessy, Late Pleistocene paleoceanography of the Norwegian-Greenland sea: Benthic foraminiferal evidence, Quat. Res., 17, 7290, 1982.
  • Tchemia, P., Cours d'Oceanographic Régionale, Serv, Hydrograph, de la Mar., Paris, 1969.
  • Wang, L., M. Samthein, J. C. Duplessy, H. Erlenkeuser, S. Jung, U. Pflaumann, Paleo sea surface salinities in the low-latitude Atlantic: The δ18O record of Globigerinoides ruber (white), Paleoceanography, 10, 749761, 1995.
  • Worthington, L. V., Evidence for a two gyre circulation system in the North Atlantic, Deep Sea Res., 9, 5167, 1962.