• Ackermann, J., The extinction-to-backscatter ratio of tropospheric aerosol: a numerical study, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 15, 10431050, 1998
  • Althausen, D., D. Müller, A. Ansmann, U. Wandinger, H. Hube, E. Clauder, and S. Zörner, Scanning six-wavelength eleven-channel aerosol lidar, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., accepted, November 1999.
  • Anderson, B. E., Aerosols from biomass burning over the tropical South Atlantic region: Distributions and impacts, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 2411724137, 1996
  • Ansmann, A.M. RiebesellC. Weitkamp, Measurement of atmospheric aerosol extinction profiles with a Raman lidar, Opt. Lett., 15, 746748, 1990
  • Ansmann, A.U. WandingerM. RiebesellC. WeitkampW. Michaelis, Independent measurement of extinction and backscatter profiles in cirrus clouds by using a combined Raman elastic-backscatter lidar, Appl. Opt., 31, 71137131, 1992
  • Fernald, F. G., Analysis of atmospheric lidar observations: some comments, Appl. Opt., 23, 652653, 1984
  • Husar, R. B.J. M. ProsperoL. L. Stove, Characterization of tropospheric aerosols over the oceans with the NOAA advanced very high resolution radiometer optical thickness operational product, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 1688916909, 1997
  • Melfi, S. H.J. D. LawrenceM. P. McCormick, Observation of Raman scattering by water vapor in the atmosphere, Appl. Phys. Lear., 15, 295297, 1969
  • Müllet, D.U. WanclingerA. Ansmann, Microphysical particle parameters from extinction and backscatter lidar data by inversion with regularization: Theory, Appl. Opt., 38, 23462357, 1999
  • Ramanathan, V., Indian Ocean Experiment (INDOEX), Publication no. 162 of Center for Clouds, Chemistry, and Climate, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, 92093-0239 ; available through the website:, 1995.