• Andreae, M. O., Global distribution of fires seen from space, EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union, 74, 129 135, 1993
  • Andreae, M. O.A. ChapuisB. CrosJ. FontanG. HelasC. JusticeY. J. KaufmanA. MingaD. Nganga, Ozone and aitken nuclei over equatorial Africa: airborne observations during DECAFE 88, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 61376148, 1992
  • Andreae, M. O.B. E. AndersonD. R. BlakeJ. D. BradshawJ. E. CollinsG. L. GregoryG. W. SachseM. C. Shipham, Influence of plumes from biomass burning on atmospheric chemistry over the equatorial and tropical South Atlantic during CITE 3, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 1279312808, 1994
  • Browell, E. V.G. L. GregoryR. C. HarrissV. W. J. H. Kirchhoff, Tropospheric ozone and aerosol distributions across the Amazon Basin, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 14311451, 1988
  • Chandra, S.J. R. ZiemkeW. MinW. G. Read, Effects of 1997–1998 El Niño on tropospheric ozone and water vapor, Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 38673870, 1998
  • Connors, V. S., Space Shuttle views changing carbon monoxide in lower atmosphere, EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union, 77, 466467, 1996
  • Crutzen, P. J.A. C. DelanyJ. GreenbergP. HaagensonL. HeidtR. LuebW. PollockW. SeilerA. WartburgP. Zimmerman, Tropospheric chemical composition measurements in Brazil during the dry season, J. Atmos. Chem., 2, 233256, 1985
  • Fang, M.W. Huang, Tracking the lndonesian forest fire using NOAA/AVHRR images, Int. J. Remote Sensing, 19, 387390, 1998
  • Fishman, J.C. E. WatsonJ. C. LarsenJ. A. Logan, Distribution of tropospheric ozone determined from satellite data, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 35993617, 1990
  • Fishman, J.J. M. Hoell Jr.R. D. BenduraR. J. McNealV. W. J. H. Kirchhoff, NASA GTE TRACE A Experiment (September-October 1992): Overview, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 2386523879, 1996
  • Folkins, I.R. ChatfieldD. BaumgardnerM. Proffitt, Biomass burning and deep convection in southeastern Asia: Results from ASHOE/MAESA, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 1329113299, 1997
  • Fujiwara, M.K. KitaT. OgawaN. KomalaS. SaraspriyaA. SuriptoT. Sano, Total ozone enhancement in September and October 1994 in Indonesia, Proceedings of the XVIII Quadrennial Ozone Symposium, L'Aquila, Italy, 12–21 September, 1996, 1, R. D. BojkovG. Visconti363366, 1998a
  • Fujiwara, M.K. KitaT. Ogawa, Stratosphere-troposphere exchange of ozone associated with the equatorial Kelvin wave as observed with ozonesondes and rawinsondes, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 1917319182, 1998b
  • Hashiguchi, H.S. FukaoM. D. YamanakaT. TsudaS. W. B. HarijonoH. Wiryosumarto, Boundary layer radar observations of the passage of the convection center over Serpong, Indonesia (6°S, 107°E) during the TOGA COARE Intensive Observation Period, J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn., 73, 535548, 1995
  • Komala, N.S. SaraspriyaK. KitaT. Ogawa, Tropospheric ozone behavior observed in Indonesia, Atmos. Environ., 30, 18511856, 1996
  • Krishnamurti, T. N.H. E. FuelbergM. C. SinhaD. OosterhofE. L. BensmanV. B. Kumar, The meteorological environment of the tropospheric ozone maximum over the tropical south Atlantic Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 1062110641, 1993
  • Lindesay, J. A.M. O. AndreaeJ. G. GoldammerG. HarrisH. J. AnnegarnM. GarstangR. J. ScholesB. W. van Wilgen, International Geosphere-Biosphere Program/International Global Atmospheric Chemistry SAFARI-92 field experiment: Background and overview, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 2352123530, 1996
  • Marenco, A.J. C. MedaleS. Prieur, Study of tropospheric ozone in the tropical belt (Africa, America) from STRATOZ and TROPOZ campaigns, Atmos. Environ., 24A, 28232834, 1990
  • Matsueda, H.H. Y. InoueY. SawaY. TsutsumiM. Ishii, Carbon monoxide in the upper troposphere over the western Pacific between 1993 and 1996, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 1909319110, 1998
  • Sawa, Y.H. MatsuedaY. TsutsumiJ. JensenH. Y. lnoueY. Makino, Tropospheric carbon monoxide and hydrogen measurements over Kalimantan in Indonesia and northern Australia during October, 1997, Geophys. Res. Lett, 1998
  • Singapore Meteorological ServiceSmoke haze over Singapore, Malaysia, and Indonesia, WMO Bulletin, 44, 147150, 1995
  • Trenberth, K. E., The definition of El Niño, Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 78, 27712777, 1997
  • Tsuruta, H.S. YonemuraL. C. PengL. S. Fook, The increase of tropospheric ozone over Peninsular Malaysia by the 1994 forest fires in tropical east Asia, International Symposium on Atmospheric Chemistry and Future Global Environment, Int. Global Atmos. Chem.Nagoya, Japan, November 11–13, 1997
  • Tsutsumi, Y.Y. SawaY. MakinoJ. B. JensenJ. L. GrasB. F. RyanS. DihartoH. Harjanto, Aircraft measurements of ozone, NOχ, CO, and aerosol concentrations in biomass burning smoke over Indonesia and Australia in October, 1997: Depleted ozone layer at a low altitude over Indonesia, Geophys. Res. Lett., 1998
  • Wooster, M. J.P. CeccatoS. P. Flasse, Indonesian fires observed using AVHRR, Int. J. Remote Sensing, 19, 383386, 1998