Measuring ground displacements from SAR amplitude images: Application to the Landers Earthquake
Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012
Copyright 1999 by the American Geophysical Union.
Geophysical Research Letters
Volume 26, Issue 7, pages 875–878, 1 April 1999
How to Cite
- Issue published online: 7 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 8 FEB 1999
- Manuscript Received: 17 AUG 1998
ERS SAR amplitude images are utilized to map ground displacements from a sub-pixel correlation method. It yields a ground two-dimensional displacement field with independent measurements about every 128m in azimuth and 250m in range. The accuracy depends on the characteristics of the images. For the Landers test case, the 1-σ uncertainty is 0.8m in range and 0.4m in azimuth. We show that this measurement provides a map of major surface fault ruptures accurate to better than 1km and information on coseismic deformation comparable to the 92 GPS measurements available. Although less accurate, this technique is more robust than SAR interferometry and provides complementary information since interferograms are only sensitive to the displacement in range.