GPS-meteorology: Impact of predicted orbits on precipitable water estimates
Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012
Copyright 1999 by the American Geophysical Union.
Geophysical Research Letters
Volume 26, Issue 14, pages 2045–2048, 15 July 1999
How to Cite
- Issue published online: 7 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 14 MAY 1999
- Manuscript Received: 19 NOV 1998
Studies of atmospheric effects on Global Positioning System (GPS) signals have proven the possibility of deriving the total water vapor content from estimates of tropospheric path delays. The accuracy of GPS derived Precipitable Water (PW) depends (besides other parameters) on the quality of satellite orbits used in the analysis. High precision orbits provided by the International GPS Service (IGS) yield PW estimates with an accuracy of about 1 mm. While these orbits are provided with a delay of several days, weather forecasting requires near real-time determination of PW. Therefore operational meteorological GPS analysis would have to rely on orbit predictions. We investigate the impact of introducing predicted orbit information on the accuracy of GPS water vapor retrievals. The presented data were acquired during a 14-day field experiment carried out in the north-west region of Madrid, Spain using GPS and a Water Vapor Radiometer (WVR). The comparison of WVR measurements with estimated time series of PW using both 24 and 48 hour predicted orbits and final precise IGS orbits shows that the accuracy of PW decreases by a factor of about 2 from precise to predicted orbit data.