SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Anastasio, C., B. C. Faust, C. J. Rao, Aromatic carbonyl compounds as aqueous-phase photochemical sources of hydrogen peroxide in acidic sulfate aerosols, fogs, and clouds, 1, Non-phenolic methoxybenzaldehydes and methoxyacetophenones with reductants (phenols), Environ. Sci. Technol., 31, 218232, 1997.
  • Berg, O. H., et al., Observed and modeled hygroscopic behavior of atmospheric particles, Contrib. Atmos. Phys., 71, 4764, 1998.
  • Blau, M., L. M. Halket, Handbook of Derivatives for Chromatography, John Wiley, New York, 1993.
  • Evans, R. J., T. A. Milne, Molecular characterization of the pyrolysis of biomass: Fundamentals, Energy Fuels, 1, 123137, 1987.
  • Facchini, M. C., J. Lind, G. Orsi, S. Fuzzi, The chemistry of carbonyl compounds in the Po Valley fog water, Sci. Total Environ., 91, 7986, 1990.
  • Facchini, M. C. S., et al., Phase-partitioning and chemical reactions of low molecular weight organic compounds in fog, Tellus, Ser. B, 44, 533544, 1992a.
  • Facchini, M. C., et al., The chemistry of sulfur and nitrogen species in a fog system: a multiphase approach, Tellus, Ser. B, 44, 505521, 1992b.
  • Fuzzi, S., et al., The Po Valley Fog Experiment 1989: An overview, Tellus, Ser. B, 44, 448468, 1992.
  • Fuzzi, S., et al., The NEVALPA project: a regional network for fog chemical climatology over the Po Valley basin, Atmos. Environ., Part. A, 30, 201213, 1996.
  • Fuzzi, S., G. Orsi, G. Bonforte, B. Zardini, P. L. Franchini, An automated fog water collector suitable for deposition networks: design, operation and field tests, Water Air Soil Pollut., 93, 383394, 1997.
  • Fuzzi, S., et al., Overview of the Po valley fog experiment 1994 (CHEMDROP), Contrib. Atmos. Phys., 71, 319, 1998.
  • Gao, H., R. G. Zepp, Factors influencing photoreactions of dissolved organic matter in a coastal river of the southeastern United States, Environ. Sci. Technol., 32, 29402946, 1998.
  • Gerber, H., Direct measurement of suspended particulate volume concentration and far-infrared extinction coefficient with a laser-diffraction instrument, Appl. Opt., 33, 48244831, 1991.
  • Gray, H. A., G. R. Cass, J. J. Huntzicker, E. K. Heyerdahl, J. A. Rau, Characteristics of atmospheric organic and elemental carbon particle concentration in Los Angeles, Environ. Sci. Technol., 20, 580589, 1986.
  • Havers, N., P. Burba, J. Lambert, D. Klockow, Spectroscopic characterization of humic-like substances in airborne particulate matter, J. Atmos. Chem., 29, 4554, 1998.
  • Kavouras, I. G., N. Mihalopoulos, E. G. Stephanou, Formation of atmospheric particles from organic acids produced by forests, Nature, 395, 683686, 1998.
  • Likens, G. E., E. S. Edgerton, J. N. Galloway, The composition and deposition of organic carbon in precipitation, Tellus, Ser. B, 35, 1624, 1983.
  • Mukai, A., Y. Ambe, Characterization of humic acidlike brown substance in airborne particulate matter and tentative identification of its origin, Atmos. Environ., 20, 813819, 1986.
  • Noone, K. J., et al., Changes in aerosol size- and phase distributions due to physical and chemical processes in fog, Tellus, Ser. B, 44, 489504, 1992.
  • Novakov, T., C. E. Corrigan, Cloud condensation nucleus activity of the organic component of biomass smoke particles, Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 21412144, 1996.
  • Novakov, T., J. E. Penner, Large contribution of organic aerosols to cloud-condensation-nuclei concentrations, Nature, 365, 823826, 1993.
  • Pitchford, M. L., P. H. McMurry, Relationship between measured water vapour growth and chemistry of atmospheric aerosol for Grand canyon, Arizona, in winter 1990, Atmos. Environ., 28, 827839, 1994.
  • Rogge, W. F., M. A. Mazurek, L. M. Hildemann, G. R. Cass, B. R. T. Simoneit, Quantification of urban organic aerosols at a molecular level: identification, abundance and seasonal variation, Atmos. Environ., Part. A, 27, 13091330, 1993.
  • Saxena, P., L. M. Hildemann, Water- soluble organics in atmospheric particles: A critical review of the literature and application of thermodynamics to identify candidate compounds, J. Atmos. Chem., 24, 57109, 1996.
  • Saxena, P., L. M. Hildemann, P. H. McMurry, J. H. Seinfeld, Organics alter hygroscopic behavior of atmospheric particles, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 1875518770, 1995.
  • Shulman, M. L., M. C. Jacobson, R. J. Charlson, R. E. Synovec, T. E. Young, Dissolution behavior and surface tension effects of organic compounds in nucleating cloud droplets, Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 277280, 1996.
  • Simoneit, B. R. T., J. J. Schauer, C. G. Nolte, D. R. Oros, V. O. Elias, M. P. Fraser, W. F. Rogge, G. R. Cass, Levoglucosan, a tracer for cellulose in biomass burning and atmospheric particles, Atmos. Environ., 33, 173182, 1999.
  • Stumm, W., J. J. Morgan, Aquatic Chemistry, John Wiley, New York, 1981.
  • Svenningsson, I. B., H.-C. Hansson, A. Wiedensohler, J. A. Ogren, K. J. Noone, A. Hallberg, Hygroscopic growth of aerosol particles in the Po Valley, Tellus, Ser. B, 44, 556569, 1992.
  • Svenningsson, I. B., H.-C. Hansson, A. Wiedensohler, J. A. Ogren, K. J. Noone, A. Hallberg, R. Colvile, Hygroscopic growth of aerosol particles and its influence on nucleation scavenging in cloud: Experimental results from Kleiner Feldberg, J. Atmos. Chem., 19, 129152, 1994.
  • Svenningsson, B., H.-C. Hansson, B. Martinsson, A. Wiedensohler, E. Swietlicki, S.-I. Cederfelt, M. Wendisch, K. N. Bower, T. W. Choularton, R. N. Colvile, Cloud droplet nucleation scavenging in relation to the size and hygroscopic behaviour of aerosol particles, Atmos. Environ., 31, 24632475, 1997.
  • Zappoli, S., et al., Inorganic, organic and macromolecular components of fine aerosol in different areas of Europe in relation to their water solubility, Atmos. Environ., 33, 27332743, 1999.
  • Zepp, R. G., P. F. Schlotzhauer, M. Sink, Photosensitized transformations involving electronic energy transfer in natural waters: role of humic substances, Environ. Sci. Technol., 19, 7481, 1985.