SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Abtahi, A., Effect of a saline and alkaline ground water on soil genesis in semiarid southern Iran, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 41, 583588, 1977.
  • Abtahi, A., Soil genesis as affected by topography and time in highly calcareous parent materials under semiarid conditions in Iran, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 44, 329336, 1980.
  • Al-Rawi, A. H., M. L. Jackson, F. D. Hole, Mineralogy of some arid and semiarid soils of Iraq, Soil Sci., 6, 480486, 1969.
  • Alaily, F., Genesis of cracks in sandy soils of central east Sahara, Catena, 14, 345357, 1987.
  • Alfaro, S., Simulation experimentale et modélisation de la production d'aérosols minéraux par érosion éolienne, Ph.D. thesis,Univ. Paris 12,1997.
  • Alfaro, S., A. Gaudichet, L. Gomes, M. Maillé, Modeling the size distribution of a soil aerosol produced by sandblasting, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 1123911249, 1997.
  • Avila, A., I. Queralt-Mitjans, M. Alarćon, Mineralogical composition of African dust delivered by red rains over northeastern Spain, J. Geophys. Res, 102, 2197721996, 1997.
  • Bain, D. C., J. M. Tait, Mineralogy and origin of dust fall on Skye, Clay Miner., 12, 353355, 1977.
  • Batjes, N. H., E. M. Bridges, F. O. Nachtergaele, World inventory of soil emission potentials: Development of a global soil database of process controlling factors, Climatic Change and RiceS. Peng, 110115, Springer Verlag, New-York, 1995.
  • Beavington, F., Studies on some cracking clay soils in the Lake Chad basin of north east Nigeria, J. Soil. Sci., 29, 575583, 1978.
  • Bedidi, A., B. Cervelle, Light scattering by spherical particles with hematite and goethite-like optical properties: Effect of water impregnation, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 1194111952, 1993.
  • Biscaye, P., Mineralogy and sedimentation of recent deep-sea clay in the Atlantic Ocean and adjacent seas and oceans, Bull. Geol. Soc. Am., 76, 803831, 1965.
  • Blume, H. P., T. Peterman, Yermosol-Solontchak-Bodenshaft des Fezzan, I, Genese und Ökologie, Mitt. Dtsch. Bodenkundl. Ges., 29, 799810, 1979.
  • Breuniger, R. H., D. A. Gillette, R. Kihl, Formation of wind erodible aggregates for salty soils and soils with less than 50% sand composition in natural terrestrial environnements, Paleoclimatology and Paleometeorology: Modern and Past Patterns of Global Atmospheric TransportM. Leinen, M. Sarnthein, 3163, Kluwer Acad., Norwell, Mass., 1989.
  • Caquineau, S., Les sources des aérosols sahariens transportés au dessus de l'Atlantique tropical nord: Localisation et caracteristiques minéralogiques, Ph.D. thesis,Univ. Paris 12,1997.
  • Caquineau, S., A. Gaudichet, L. Gomes, M. C. Magonthier, B. Chatenet, Saharan dust: Clay ratio as a relevant traver to assess the origin of soil derived aerosols, Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 983986, 1998.
  • Chatenet, B., B. Marticorena, L. Gomes, G. Bergametti, Assessing the actual grain-size distributions of desert soils erodible by wind, Sedimentology, 43, 901911, 1996.
  • Chester, R., H. Elderfield, J. J. Griffin, L. Johnson, R. D. Padgham, Eolian dust along the eastern margin of the Atlantic Ocean, Mar. Geol., 13, 91105, 1972.
  • Claquin, T., M. Schulz, Y. Balkanski, O. Boucher, Uncertainties in assessing radiative forcing by mineral dust, Tellus ser. B, 50, 491505, 1998.
  • Coudé-Gaussen, G., Les poussières sahariennes et leur contribution aux sedimentations désertiques et péridésertiques, Ph.D. thesis,Univ. Paris 6,1989.
  • Coudé-Gaussen, G., P. Rognon, G. Bergametti, L. Gomes, B. Strauss, J. M. Gros, M. N. Le Coustumer, Saharan dust on Fuerteventera Island (Canaries): Chemical and mineralogical characteristics, air mass trajectories, and probable sources, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 9,7539,771, 1987.
  • Dan, J., R. Gerson, H. Koyumdjisky, D. H. Yaalon, Aridic Soils of Israel, Div. of Sci. Pub., Tel Aviv, 1981.
  • Dentener, F., G. Carmichael, Y. Zhang, The role of mineral aerosols as reactive surface in the global troposphere, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 2286922889, 1996.
  • Duce, R. A., The impact of atmospheric nitrogen, phosphorus, and iron species on marine biological productivity, The role of air-sea exchanges in geochemical cyclingP. Buat-Menard, 497529, D. Reidel Publishing Comp., Dordrecht, 1986.
  • El-Attar, H. A., M. L. Jackson, Montmorillonic soils developed in Nile river sediments, Soil Sci., 116, 19912001, 1973.
  • , Food and Agriculture Organization-United Nations Educational Sienfific, and Cultural Organization (FAO-UNESCO), Soil Map of the World- Volume I to Volume X, Paris, 1974.
  • , Food and Agriculture Organization-United Nations Educational Sienfific, and Cultural Organization (FAO-UNESCO), Digital Soil Map of the World and Derived Soil Properties, Rome, 1995.
  • Ganor, E., H. Foner, The mineralogical and chemical properties and the behaviour of aeolian saharan dust over Israel, The Impact of Desert Dust Across the MediterraneanS. Guerzoni, R. Chester, 163172, Kluwer Acad., Norwell, Mass., 1996.
  • Gharaee, H. A., R. M. Mahjoory, Characteristics and geomorphic relationships of some representative aridisols in southern Iran, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 48, 11151119, 1984.
  • Gillette, D., J. Adams, A. Endo, D. Smith, R. Kihl, Threshold friction velocities for input of soil particles into the air by desert soils, J. Geophys. Res., 85, 56215630, 1980.
  • Glaccum, R. A., J. M. Prospero, Saharan aerosols over the tropical north Atlantic — Mineralogy, Mar. Geol., 37, 295321, 1980.
  • Gomes, L., Approche géochimique du soulèvement des poussières à l'interface sol-atmosphère en zone désertique., Ph.D. thesis,Univ. Paris 7,1990.
  • Gomes, L., G. Bergametti, G. Coudé-Gaussen, P. Rognon, Submicron desert dusts: A sandblasting process, J. Geophys. Res, 95, 1392913935, 1990.
  • Hseung, Y., M. L. Jackson, Mineral composition of clay fraction, III, Of some main soil groups of China, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 16, 294297, 1952.
  • Hunt, J. M., M. P. Wisherd, L. C. Bonham, Infrared absorption spectra of minerals and others inorganic compounds, Anal. Chem., 22, 14781497, 1950.
  • Husar, R. B., J. M. Prospero, J. M. Stowe, Characterization of the tropospheric aerosols over the oceans with the NOAA advanced very high radiometer optical thickness operational product, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 1688916910, 1997.
  • Ivlev, L. S., S. I. Popova, The complex refractive indices of substances in the atmospheric-aerosol dispersed phase, Izv. Acad. Sci. USSR Atmos. and Oceanic Phys., 10, 10341043, 1973.
  • Jahn, R., Böden Lanzarotes — Vorkommen, Genese und Eigenschaften von Böden aus Vulkaniten im semiariden Klima Lanzarotes (Kanarische Inseln), Hohenheimer Arbeiten, Ulm, 1988.
  • Jahn, R., Ausmass äolischer Einträge in circumsaharischen Böden und ihre Auswirkungen auf Bodenentwicklung und Standorte Eigenschaften, Hohenheimer Bodenkundliche Hefte, Hohenheim, 1995.
  • Khalaf, F. I., A. Al-Kadi, S. Al-Saleh, Mineralogical composition and potential sources of dust fallout deposits in Kuwait, northern Arabian gulf, Sediment. Geol., 42, 255278, 1985.
  • Kiefert, L., G. H. McTainsh, W. G. Nickling, Sedimentological characteristics of Saharan and Australian dusts, The Impact of Desert Dust Across MediterraneanS. Guerzoni, R. Chester, 183190, Kluwer Acad., Norwell, Mass., 1996.
  • Lanchaster, N., The Namib Sand Sea: Dune Forms, Processes and Sediments, A. A. Balkema, Brookfield, Vt., 1989.
  • Leinen, M., J. M. Prospero, E. Arnold, M. Blank, Mineralogy of aeolian dust reaching the North Pacific Ocean, J. Geophys. Res, 99, 2101721023, 1994.
  • Levin, Z., J. D. Lindberg, Size distribution, chemical composition, and optical properties of urban and desert aerosols in Israel, J. Geophys. Res., 84, 69416950, 1979.
  • Levin, Z., J. H. Joseph, Y. Mekler, Properties of Sharav (Khamsin) dust — Comparison of optical and direct sampling data, J. Atmos. Sci, 37, 882891, 1980.
  • Levin, Z., E. Ganor, V. Gladstein, The effect of desert particles coated with sulfate on rain formation in the Eastern Mediterranean, J. Appl. Meteor., 35, 15111523, 1996.
  • Lindberg, J. D., M. S. Smith, Visible and near-infrared absorption coefficients of kaolinite and related clays, Am. Mineral., 59, 274279, 1974.
  • Long, L. L., M. R. Querry, R. J. Bell, R. W. Alexander, Optical properties of calcite and gypsum in crystalline and powdered form in the infrared and the far infrared, Infrar. Phys., 31, 191201, 1993.
  • Loÿe-Pilot, M. D., J. M. Martin, J. Morelli, Influence of the Saharan dust on the rain acidity and atmopsheric input to the Mediterranean, Nature, 321, 427428, 1986.
  • Martin, J. H., et al., Testing the iron hypothesis in ecosystems of the equatorial Pacific Ocean, Nature, 371, 123129, 1994.
  • Martin, J. H., R. M. Gordon, Northeast Pacific iron distributions in relation to phytoplankton productivity, Deep-Sea Res., 35, 177196, 1988.
  • McTainsh, G. H., W. G. Nickling, A. W. Lynch, Dust deposition and particle size in Mali, West Africa, Catena, 29, 307322, 1997.
  • Merrill, J., E. Arnold, M. Leinen, C. Weaver, Mineralogy of aeolian dust reaching the north Pacific Ocean, 2, Relationship of mineral assemblages to atmospheric transport patterns, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 2102521032, 1994.
  • Millot, G., Géologie des Argiles, Masson, Paris, 1964.
  • Møberg, J. P., I. E. Esu, Characteristices and composition of some savanna soils in Nigeria, Geoderma, 48, 113129, 1991.
  • Moulin, C., F. Dulac, C. E. Lambert, P. Chazette, I. Jankowiak, B. Chatenet, F. Lavenu, Long term daily monitoring of Saharan dust load over ocean using Meteosat ISCCP-B2 data, 2, Accuracy of the method and validation using Sun photometers measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 1695916968, 1997.
  • , Munsell Color Company, Munsell Soil Color Charts, Baltimore, Md, 1995.
  • Nachtergaele, F., From the soil map of the world to the digital global soil and terrain database: 1960–2002, technical reportLand and Water Dev. Div., Food and Agric. Organ., Rome, 1998.
  • Nettleton, W. D., B. R. Brasher, Correlation of clay minerals and properties of soils in the western United States, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 47, 10321036, 1983.
  • Norrish, K., J. G. Pickering, Clay Minerals, Soils: an Australian viewpoint, 281308, Academic, London, 1983.
  • Özkan, A. I., G. J. Ross, Ferruginous beidellites in Turkish soils, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 43, 12421248, 1979.
  • Patterson, E. M., Optical properties of the crustal aerosol: Relation to chemical and physical characteristics, J. Geophys. Res., 86, 32363236, 1981.
  • Patterson, E. M., D. A. Gillette, Commonalities in measured size distributions for aerosols having a soil derived component, J. Geophys. Res., 82, 20742082, 1977.
  • Peterson, J. T., J. A. Weinman, Optical properties of quartz dust particles at infrared wavelengths, J. Geophys. Res., 28, 69476952, 1969.
  • Prospero, J. M., E. Bonatti, Continental dust in the atmosphere of the eastern equatorial Pacific, J. Geophys. Res., 74, 33623371, 1969.
  • Pye, K., Aeolian Dust and Dust Deposits, Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1987.
  • Querry, M. R., G. Osborne, K. Lies, R. Jordon, R. Coveney, Complex refractive index of limestone in the visible and in the infrared, Appl. Opt., 17, 353356, 1978.
  • Rognon, P., G. C. Gaussen, G. Bergametti, L. Gomes, Relationships between the characteristics of soils, the wind energy and dust near the ground, in the western sahara, Paleoclimatology and Paleometeorology: Modern and Past Patterns of Global Atmospheric TransportM. Leinen, M. Sarnthein, 167184, Kluwer Acad., Norwell, Mass., 1989.
  • Scholes, R. J., D. Skole, J. S. Ingram, A global database of soil properties: Proposal for 1995 ImplementationIGBP-DIS Working Pap.-10Int. Geosphere- Biosphere Programme, Toulouse, 1995.
  • Schulz, M., Y. Balkanski, F. Dulac, W. Guelle, Treatment of aerosol size distribution in a global transport model: Validation with satellite-derived observations for a Saharan dust episode, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 1058910592, 1998.
  • Schütz, L., Sahara dust transport over the North Atlantic Ocean — Model calculations and measurements, Saharan Dust, 267277, John Wiley, New York, 1979.
  • Schütz, L., M. Sebert, Mineral aerosol and source identification, J. Aerosol. Sci., 18, 110, 1987.
  • Shadfan, H., A. S. Mashady, Distribution of palygorskite in sediments and soil of eastern Saudi Arabia, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 49, 243250, 1985.
  • Sidhu, P. S., Aeolian additions to the soils of north-west Indias, Pedologie, 3, 323336, 1977.
  • Simonson, R. W., Airborne dust and its significance to soils, Geoderma, 65, 143, 1995.
  • Singer, A., Illite in aridic soils, desert dusts and desert loess, Sediment. Geol., 59, 251259, 1988.
  • Sokolik, I., A. Andronova, T. C. Johnson, Complex refractive index of atmospheric dust aerosols, Atmos. Environ., Part A, 27, 24952502, 1993.
  • Sokolik, I. N., O. B. Toon, Direct radiative forcing by anthropogenic airborne mineral aerosol, Nature, 381, 681683, 1996.
  • Sokolik, I. N., O. B. Toon, R. W. Bergstrom, Modeling the radiative characteristics of airborne mineral aerosols at infrared wavelength, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 88138826, 1998.
  • Southard, R. J., A. R. Southard, Genesis of cambic and argillic horizons in two northern Utah aridisols, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 49, 167171, 1985.
  • Stace, H. C. T., G. D. Hubble, R. Brewer, K. H. Northcote, J. R. Sleeman, M. J. Mulcahy, E. G. Hallworth, A Handbook of Australian Soils, Rellim, Melbourne, 1968.
  • Steyer, T. R., L. Day, D. R. Huffman, Infrared absorption by small amorphous quartz spheres, Appl. Opt., 13, 15861590, 1974.
  • Stoorvogel, J. J., N. V. Breemen, B. H. Hansen, The nutrient input by Harmattan dust to a forest ecosystem in Côte d'Ivoire, Africa, Biogeochemistry, 37, 145157, 1997.
  • Swap, R., M. Garstang, S. Greco, R. Talbot, J. Y. Gac, Sahara dust in the Amazon basin, Tellus ser. B, 44, 133149, 1992.
  • Tegen, I., I. Fung, Modeling of mineral dust in the atmosphere: Sources, transport, and optical thickness, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 2289722914, 1994.
  • Tegen, I., A. A. Lacis, Modeling of particle size distribution and its influence on the radiative properties of mineral dust aerosol, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 1923719244, 1996.
  • Tiessen, H., H. K. Hauffe, A. R. Mermut, Deposition of Harmattan dust and its influence on base saturation of soils in northen Ghana, Catena, 49, 285299, 1991.
  • Toon, O. B., T. P. Ackerman, Algorithms for the calculation of scattering by stratified spheres, Appl. Opt., 20, 36573660, 1981.
  • Toon, O. B., J. B. Pollack, C. Sagan, Physical properties of the particles composing the martian dust storm of 1971–1972, Icarus, 30, 663696, 1977.
  • Torrent, J., U. Schwertmann, H. Fechter, F. Alferez, Quantitative relationships between soil color an hematite content, Soil Sci., 136, 354358, 1983.