SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Birmili, W., Production of new ultrafine aerosol particles in continental air masses, Ph.D. thesis,, 107 pp.,Univ. of Leipzig,Leipzig, Germany,1998.
  • Covert, D. S., A. Wiedensohler, P. Aalto, J. Heintzenberg, P. H. McMurry, C. Leck, Aerosol number size distributions from 3 to 500 nm diameter in the Arctic marine boundary layer during summer and autumn, Tellus, 48Ser. B, 197212, 1996.
  • Dhanorkar, S., A. K. Kamra, Measurement of mobility spectrum and concentration of all atmospheric ions with a single apparatus, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 1867118678, 1991.
  • Dhanorkar, S., A. K. Kamra, Relation between electrical conductivity and small ions in the presence of intermediate and large ions in the lower atmosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 2034520360, 1992.
  • Dhanorkar, S., A. K. Kamra, Diurnal variations of the mobility spectrum of ions and size distribution of fine aerosols in the atmosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 26392650, 1993a.
  • Dhanorkar, S., A. K. Kamra, Diurnal and seasonal variations of the small-, intermediate-, and large-ion concentrations and their contributions to polar conductivity, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 1489514908, 1993b.
  • Flagan, R. C., History of electrical aerosol measurements, Aerosol Sci. Technol., 28, 301380, 1998.
  • Hoppel, W. A., G. M. Frick, Ion-aerosol attachment coefficients and the steady-state charge distribution on aerosols in a bipolar ion environment, Aerosol Sci. Technol., 5, 121, 1986.
  • Hoppel, W. A., J. W. Fitzgerald, G. M. Frick, R. E. Larson, E. J. Mack, Aerosol size distributions and optical properties found in the marine boundary layer over the Atlantic Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 36593686, 1990.
  • Hõrrak, U., H. Tammet, J. Salm, H. Iher, Diurnal and annual variations of atmospheric ionisation quantities in Tahkuse, in Russian with English summary, Acta Commentat. Univ. Tartu, 824, 7883, 1988.
  • Hõrrak, U., F. Miller, A. Mirme, J. Salm, H. Tammet, Air ion observatory at Tahkuse: Instrumentation, Acta Commentat. Univ. Tartu, 880, 3343, 1990.
  • Hõrrak, U., H. Iher, A. Luts, J. Salm, H. Tammet, Mobility spectrum of air ions at Tahkuse Observatory, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 1069710700, 1994.
  • Hõrrak, U., J. Salm, H. Tammet, Outbursts of intermediate ions in atmospheric air, Proceedings of the 10th Conference on Atmospheric Electricity, 7679Soc. of Atmos. Electr. of Japan, Osaka, 1996.
  • Hõrrak, U., A. Mirme, J. Salm, E. Tamm, H. Tammet, Air ion measurements as a source of information about atmospheric aerosols, J. Atmos. Res., 463–4, 233242, 1998a.
  • Hõrrak, U., J. Salm, H. Tammet, Bursts of intermediate ions in atmospheric air, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 1390913915, 1998b.
  • Hõrrak, U., A. Mirme, J. Salm, E. Tamm, H. Tammet, Study of covariations of aerosol and air ion mobility spectra at Tahkuse, Estonia, J. Aerosol Sci., 29, S849S850, 1998c.
  • Israël, H., Atmospheric Electricity, 1, Isr. Program for Sci. Transl., Jerusalem, 1970.
  • Jaenicke, R., Physical aspects of the atmospheric aerosol, Chemistry of the Unpolluted and Polluted TroposphereH. W. Georgii, W. Jaeschke, 341373, D. Reidel, Norwell, Mass., 1982.
  • Jaenicke, R., Our knowledge about the atmospheric aerosol, Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Atmospheric Aerosols, Condensation and Ice Nuclei, 1, 99107, Hungarian Meteorol. Service, Budapest, 1984.
  • Kikas, Ü., A. Mirme, E. Tamm, T. Raunemaa, Statistical characteristics of aerosol in Baltic Sea region, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 19,31919,327, 1996.
  • Kim, T. O., M. Adachi, K. Okuyama, J. H. Seinfeld, Experimental measurement of competitive ion-induced and binary homogeneous nucleation in SO2/H2O/N2 mixtures, Aerosol Sci. Technol., 26, 527543, 1997.
  • Kim, T. O., T. Ishida, M. Adachi, K. Okuyama, J. H. Seinfeld, Nanometer-sized particle formation from NH3/SO2/H2O/air mixtures by ionizing irradiation, Aerosol Sci. Technol., 29, 111125, 1998.
  • Kojima, H., Relation between intermediate ions and meteorological factors, Res. Lett. Atmos. Electr., 4, 4953, 1984.
  • Koutsenogii, P., Aerosol measurements in Siberia, J. Atmos. Res., 44, 167173, 1997.
  • Kulmala, M., A. Laaksonen, P. Aalto, T. Vesala, L. Pirjola, Formation, growth, and properties of atmospheric aerosol particles and cloud droplets, Geophysica, 321–2, 217233, 1996.
  • Luts, A., Mathematical simulation of the evolution or air ions, Ph.D. thesis,, 150 pp.,Univ. of Tartu,Tartu, Estonia,1995.
  • Luts, A., J. Salm, Chemical composition of small atmospheric ions near the ground, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 1078110785, 1994.
  • Mäkelä, J. M., P. Aalto, V. Jokinen, T. Pohja, A. Nissinen, S. Palmroth, T. Markkanen, K. Seitsonen, H. Lihavainen, M. Kulmala, Observations of ultrafine aerosol particle formation and growth in boreal forest, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 12191222, 1997.
  • Misaki, M., Studies of the atmospheric ion spectrum (I), Pap. Meteorol. Geophys., 12, 247260, 1961a.
  • Misaki, M., Studies of the atmospheric ion spectrum (II), Pap. Meteorol. Geophys., 12, 261276, 1961b.
  • Misaki, M., Mobility spectrums of large ions in the New Mexico semidesert, J. Geophys. Res., 69, 33093318, 1964.
  • Misaki, M., Measurements of atmospheric electricity, in Japanese, Kisho Kenkyu Noto, 130, 105118, 1976.
  • Misaki, M., M. Ohtagaki, I. Kanazawa, Mobility spectrometry of the atmospheric ions in relation to atmospheric pollution, Pure Appl. Geophys., 100, 133145, 1972.
  • Mohnen, V. A., Formation, nature and mobility of ions of atmospheric importance, Electrical Processes in AtmospheresH. Dolezalek, R. Reiter, 117, Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag, Darmstadt, Germany, 1977.
  • Nagato, K., T. Ogawa, Evolution of tropospheric ions observed by an ion mobility spectrometer with a drift tube, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 1391713925, 1998.
  • Reischl, G. P., J. M. Mäkelä, R. Karch, J. Necid, Bipolar charging of ultrafine particles in the size range below 10 nm, J. Aerosol Sci., 27, 931949, 1996.
  • Salm, J., The average mobility spectrum of large ions of the troposphere, Res. Lett. Atmos. Electr., 8, 2124, 1988.
  • Tammet, H., The Aspiration Method for the Determination of Atmospheric-Ion Spectra, Isr. Program for Sci. Transl., Jerusalem, 1970.
  • Tammet, H., A piecewise linear model of spectrum for the measurement of air ions and aerosols, in Russian with English summary, Acta Commentat. Univ. Tartu, 534, 4554, 1980.
  • Tammet, H., Air ion observatory at Tahkuse: Software, Acta Commentat. Univ. Tartu, 880, 4451, 1990.
  • Tammet, H., Size and mobility of nanometer particles, clusters and ions, J. Aerosol Sci., 26, 459475, 1995.
  • Tammet, H., Reduction of air ion mobility to standard conditions, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 1393313937, 1998.
  • Tammet, H., F. Miller, E. Tamm, T. Bernotas, A. Mirme, J. Salm, Apparatus and methods for the spectrometry of small air ions, in Russian with English summary, Acta Commentat. Univ. Tartu, 755, 1828, 1987.