SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Anderson, L. A., J. L. Sarmiento, Redfield ratios of remineralization determined by nutrient data analysis, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 8, 6580, 1994.
  • Brewer, P. G., Direct observation of the oceanic CO2 increase, Geophys. Res. Lett., 5, 9971000, 1978.
  • Brewer, P. G., C. Goyet, G. Freiderich, Direct observation of the oceanic CO2 increase revisited, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 94, 83088313, 1997.
  • Broecker, W. S., T.-H. Peng, Gas exchange rates between air and sea, Tellus, 26, 2135, 1974.
  • Broecker, W. S., T. Takahashi, T.-H. Peng, Reconstruction of Past Atmospheric CO2 Contents From the Chemistry of the Contemporary Ocean: An EvaluationTR020, DOE/OR-857, 79U. S. Dep. of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tenn., 1985.
  • Bullister, J. L., R. F. Weiss, Determination of CCl3F and CCl2F2 in seawater and air, Deep Sea Res., 35, 839853, 1988.
  • Caldeira, K., P. B. Duffy, The role of the Southern Ocean in uptake and storage of anthropogenic carbon dioxide, Science, 287, 620622, 2000.
  • Chen, C.-T. A., On the distribution of anthropogenic CO2 penetration in the Atlantic and Southern Oceans, Deep Sea Res., 29, 563580, 1982a.
  • Chen, C.-T. A., Oceanic penetration of excess CO2 in a cross section between Alaska and Hawaii, Geophys. Res. Lett., 9, 117119, 1982b.
  • Chen, C.-T. A., On the depth of anthropogenic CO2 penetration in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, Oceanol. Acta, 10, 97102, 1987.
  • Chen, C.-T. A., The oceanic anthropogenic CO2 sink, Chemisphere, 27, 10411064, 1993.
  • Chen, C.-T. A., Some indications of excess CO2 penetration near Cape Adare off the Ross Sea, La Mer, 32, 167172, 1994.
  • Chen, D. W., C.-T. Chen, The anthropogenic CO2 signals in the Indian Ocean, in Chinese with English abstract, J. Environ. Prot. Soc. Rep. China, 122, 4665, 1989.
  • Chen, C.-T. A., E. T. Drake, Carbon dioxide increase in the atmosphere and oceans and possible effects on climate, Ann. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci., 14, 201235, 1986.
  • Chen, C.-T. A., F. J. Millero, Gradual increase of oceanic CO2, Nature, 277, 205206, 1979.
  • Chen, C.-T. A., C. J. Wu, The anthropogenic CO2 signals in the Red Sea and northwest Indian Ocean, in Chinese with English abstract, Oceanol. Limnol. Sinica, 22, 434442, 1991.
  • Chen, C.-T. A., F. J. Millero, R. M. Pytkowicz, Comment on calculating the oceanic CO2 increase: A need for caution by A. M. Shiller, J. Geophys. Res., 37, 20832085, 1982.
  • Chen, C.-T. A., M. R. Rodman, C. L. Wei, E. J. Olson, R. A. Feely, J. F. Gendron, Carbonate Chemistry of the North Pacific OceanTR034, DOE/NBB-0079, 176U.S. Dep. of Energy, Carbon Dioxide Research Division, Washington, D. C., 1986.
  • Chen, C.-T. A., E. P. Jones, K. J. Lin, Wintertime total carbon dioxide measurements in the Norwegian and Greenland Seas, Deep Sea Res., 37, 14551473, 1990.
  • Chen, C.-T. A., S. L. Wang, A. Buchkov, Carbonate chemistry of the Sea of Japan, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 1373713745, 1995.
  • Coatanoan, C., C. Goyet, N. Gruber, C. L. Sabine, andM. Warner, Comparison of two approaches to quantify anthropogenic CO2 in the ocean: Results from the northern Indian Ocean,Global Biogeochem. Cycles, this issue.
  • Culberson, C. H., G. Knap, M. C. Stalcup, R. T. Williams, F. Zemlyak, A comparison of methods for the determination of dissolved oxygen in seawaterWHPO Report 91-2, 77WOCE Hydrogr. Prog. Off., La Jolla, Calif., 1991.
  • Dickson, A. G., The ocean carbon dioxide system: planning for quality data, U.S. JGOFS News, 22, 2, 1990.
  • Doney, S. C., W. J. Jenkins, J. L. Bullister, A comparison of ocean tracer dating techniques on a meridional section in the eastern North Atlantic, Deep Sea Res., 44, 603626, 1997.
  • Gordon, L. I., J. C. Jennings Jr., A. A. Ross, J. M. Krest, A suggested protocol for continuous flow automated analysis of seawater nutrients in the WOCE Hydrographic Program and the Joint Global Ocean Fluxes StudyGrp. Tech. Rep. 92-1Oregon State Univ., College of Oceanogr.,, Corvallis, 1992.
  • Goyet, C., C. Coatanoan, G. Eischeid, T. Amaoka, K. Okuda, R. Healy, S. Tsunogai, Spatial variation of total CO2 and total alkalinity in the northern Indian Ocean: A novel approach for the quantification of anthropogenic CO2 in seawater, J. Mar. Res., 57, 135163, 1999.
  • Gruber, N., Anthropogenic CO2 in the Atlantic Ocean, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 12, 165191, 1998.
  • Gruber, N., J. L. Sarmiento, Global patterns of marine nitrogen fixation and denitrification, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 11, 235266, 1997.
  • Gruber, N., J. L. Sarmiento, T. F. Stocker, An improved method for detecting anthropogenic CO2 in the oceans, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 10, 809837, 1996.
  • Johnson, K. M., et al., Coulometric total carbon dioxide analysis for marine studies: Assessment of the quality of total inorganic carbon measurements made during the U.S. Indian Ocean CO2 Survey 1994–1996, Mar. Chem., 63, 2137, 1998.
  • Karstensen, J., M. Tomczak, Age determination of mixed water masses using CFC and oxygen data, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 1859918609, 1998.
  • Krumgalz, B. S., J. Erez, C.-T. A. Chen, Anthropogenic CO2 penetration in the northern Red Sea and in the Gulf of Elat, Oceanol. Acta, 13, 283290, 1990.
  • Millard Jr., R. C., CTD calibration and data processing techniques at WHOI using the practical salinity scale, International STD Conference and Workshop, 19Mar. Tech. Soc., La Jolla, Calif., 1982.
  • Millero, F. J., et al., Total alkalinity measurements in the Indian Ocean during the WOCE Hydrographic Program CO2 survey cruises 1994–1996, Mar. Chem., 63, 920, 1998.
  • Orr, J. C., et al.,Estimates of anthropogenic carbon uptake from four 3-D global ocean models,Global Biogeochem. Cycles, this issue.
  • Peng, T.-H., R. Wanninkhof, J. L. Bullister, R. A. Feely, T. Takahashi, Quantification of decadal anthropogenic CO2 uptake in the ocean based on dissolved inorganic carbon measurements, Nature, 396, 560563, 1998.
  • Poisson, A., C.-T. A. Chen, Why is there little anthropogenic CO2 in the Antarctic Bottom Water?, Deep Sea Res., Part A, 34, 12551275, 1987.
  • Sabine, C. L., R. M. Key, Looking for fossil fuel CO2 in the oceans, 1998 U.S. WOCE ReportU.S. WOCE Implementation Rep. 10, 2629U.S. WOCE Office, College Station, Tex., 1998.
  • Sabine, C. L., R. M. Key, K. M. Johnson, F. J. Millero, A. Poisson, J. L. Sarmiento, D. W. R. Wallace, C. D. Winn, Anthropogenic CO2 inventory of the Indian Ocean, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 13, 179198, 1999.
  • Shiller, A. M., Calculating the oceanic CO2 increase: A need for caution, J. Geophys. Res., 86, 1108311088, 1981.
  • Shiller, A. M., Reply, J. Geophys. Res., 87, 2086, 1982.
  • , United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Background papers and supporting data on the Practical Salinity Scale, 1978 UNESCO Technical Papers in Marine Science, , 37, Paris, 1981.
  • Wanninkhof, R., S. C. Doney, T.-H. Peng, J. L. Bullister, K. Lee, R. A. Feely, Comparison of methods to determine the anthropogenic CO2 invasion into the Atlantic Ocean, Tellus, Ser. B, 51B, 511530, 1999.
  • Weiss, R. F., Solubility of nitrogen, oxygen and argon in water and seawater, Deep Sea Res., 17, 721735, 1970.
  • Wyrtki, K., Physical oceanography of the Indian Ocean, Ecological Studies: Analysis and Synthesis, , 3B. Zeitzschel, 1836, Verlag Springer, New York, 1973.