Vibrations from the “Perfect Storm”
Article first published online: 17 JUL 2001
Copyright 2001 by the American Geophysical Union.
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
Volume 2, Issue 7, July 2001
How to Cite
2001), Vibrations from the “Perfect Storm”, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 2, 1030, doi:10.1029/2000GC000119.(
- Issue published online: 17 JUL 2001
- Article first published online: 17 JUL 2001
- Manuscript Accepted: 4 APR 2001
- Manuscript Revised: 18 FEB 2001
- Manuscript Received: 6 NOV 2000
- Perfect Storm;
- wave–wave interactions;
- gravity wave distribution and correlation
 Microseismic vibrations during the famous October 1991 “Perfect Storm” were observed at seismic stations across North America. The extreme wave conditions during this storm, in conjunction with the occurrence of Hurricane Grace to the south, are ideal for studying where such vibrations originate and their inland propagation. High-amplitude primary and double-frequency (DF) microseisms were observed at broadband seismic station HRV in eastern Massachusetts. Similar spectral variation observed at seismic station ANMO at Albuquerque, New Mexico, shows transcontinental propagation of vibrations from the Perfect Storm. Cross correlation between wave spectra from widely separated buoy measurements and corresponding DF microseism spectra at HRV give high-correlation coefficients, R2, from the New England coast to Cape Hatteras. Contours of peak R2 scaled by the magnitude of the lag at the peak, together with similarities between wave and microseism spectral variation, imply that the dominant source area of DF microseisms during the Perfect Storm is near the southern Massachusetts coast, not in the open ocean where the highest waves occurred.